iTRAQ-Based Quantitative Proteomic Analysis of the Potentiated and Dormant Antler Stem Cells
AbstractAs the only known organ that can completely regenerate in mammals, deer antler is of real significance in the field of regenerative medicine. Recent studies have shown that the regenerative capacity of the antlers comes from the pedicle periosteum and the cells resident in the periosteum possess the attributes of stem cells. Currently, the molecular mechanism of antler regeneration remains unclear. In the present study, we compared the potentiated and dormant antler stem cells using isobaric tags for the relative and absolute quantification (iTRAQ) labeling of the peptides, coupled with two-dimensional liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry (LC-MS/MS) to compare the proteome profiles. Proteins were identified by searching against the NCBI nr database and our own Cervine transcriptome database, and bioinformatics analysis was conducted to identify the differentially expressed proteins. Based on this searching strategy, we identified 169 differentially expressed proteins in total, consisting of 70 up- and 99 down-regulated in the potentiated vs. dormant antler stem cells. Reliability of the iTRAQ was confirmed via quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction (qRT-PCR) to measure the expression of selected genes. We identified transduction pathways through the Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes (KEGG) database, such as HIF-1 and PI3K-AKT signaling pathways that play important roles in regulating the regeneration of antlers. In summary, the initiation stage of antler regeneration, a process from dormant to potentiated states in antler stem cells, is regulated by multiple proteins and complicated signal networks. View Full-Text
- Supplementary File 1:
Supplementary (ZIP, 22262 KB)
Share & Cite This Article
Dong, Z.; Ba, H.; Zhang, W.; Coates, D.; Li, C. iTRAQ-Based Quantitative Proteomic Analysis of the Potentiated and Dormant Antler Stem Cells. Int. J. Mol. Sci. 2016, 17, 1778.
Dong Z, Ba H, Zhang W, Coates D, Li C. iTRAQ-Based Quantitative Proteomic Analysis of the Potentiated and Dormant Antler Stem Cells. International Journal of Molecular Sciences. 2016; 17(11):1778.Chicago/Turabian Style
Dong, Zhen; Ba, Hengxing; Zhang, Wei; Coates, Dawn; Li, Chunyi. 2016. "iTRAQ-Based Quantitative Proteomic Analysis of the Potentiated and Dormant Antler Stem Cells." Int. J. Mol. Sci. 17, no. 11: 1778.
Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.