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Open AccessArticle

High-Throughput Screening for a Moderately Halophilic Phenol-Degrading Strain and Its Salt Tolerance Response

State Environmental Protection Key Laboratory of Environmental Risk Assessment and Control on Chemical Process, School of Resources and Environmental Engineering, East China University of Science and Technology, Shanghai 200237, China
School of Chemical Engineering, Shanghai University of Engineering Science, Shanghai 201620, China
Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Ji-Dong Gu
Int. J. Mol. Sci. 2015, 16(6), 11834-11848;
Received: 9 February 2015 / Accepted: 6 May 2015 / Published: 25 May 2015
PDF [1299 KB, uploaded 25 May 2015]


A high-throughput screening system for moderately halophilic phenol-degrading bacteria from various habitats was developed to replace the conventional strain screening owing to its high efficiency. Bacterial enrichments were cultivated in 48 deep well microplates instead of shake flasks or tubes. Measurement of phenol concentrations was performed in 96-well microplates instead of using the conventional spectrophotometric method or high-performance liquid chromatography (HPLC). The high-throughput screening system was used to cultivate forty-three bacterial enrichments and gained a halophilic bacterial community E3 with the best phenol-degrading capability. Halomonas sp. strain 4-5 was isolated from the E3 community. Strain 4-5 was able to degrade more than 94% of the phenol (500 mg·L−1 starting concentration) over a range of 3%–10% NaCl. Additionally, the strain accumulated the compatible solute, ectoine, with increasing salt concentrations. PCR detection of the functional genes suggested that the largest subunit of multicomponent phenol hydroxylase (LmPH) and catechol 1,2-dioxygenase (C12O) were active in the phenol degradation process. View Full-Text
Keywords: high-throughput screening; moderately halophilic bacteria; phenol-degrading; salt tolerance high-throughput screening; moderately halophilic bacteria; phenol-degrading; salt tolerance

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Lu, Z.-Y.; Guo, X.-J.; Li, H.; Huang, Z.-Z.; Lin, K.-F.; Liu, Y.-D. High-Throughput Screening for a Moderately Halophilic Phenol-Degrading Strain and Its Salt Tolerance Response. Int. J. Mol. Sci. 2015, 16, 11834-11848.

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