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Identification and Functional Analysis of MicroRNAs in Mice following Focal Cerebral Ischemia Injury
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Int. J. Mol. Sci. 2015, 16(10), 24895-24917;

MicroRNAs Regulate Mitochondrial Function in Cerebral Ischemia-Reperfusion Injury

2,* and 2,*
Graduate School, Tianjin University of Traditional Chinese Medicine, 312 An Shan Xi Road, Nan Kai District, Tianjin 300193, China
Medical Experiment Center, First Teaching Hospital of Tianjin University of Traditional Chinese Medicine, 314 An Shan Xi Road, Nan Kai District, Tianjin 300193, China
These authors contributed equally to this work.
Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Y-h. Taguchi
Received: 16 August 2015 / Revised: 25 September 2015 / Accepted: 8 October 2015 / Published: 20 October 2015
(This article belongs to the Special Issue MicroRNA Regulation)
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Cerebral ischemia-reperfusion injury involves multiple independently fatal terminal pathways in the mitochondria. These pathways include the reactive oxygen species (ROS) generation caused by changes in mitochondrial membrane potential and calcium overload, resulting in apoptosis via cytochrome c (Cyt c) release. In addition, numerous microRNAs are associated with the overall process. In this review, we first briefly summarize the mitochondrial changes in cerebral ischemia-reperfusion and then describe the possible molecular mechanism of miRNA-regulated mitochondrial function, which likely includes oxidative stress and energy metabolism, as well as apoptosis. On the basis of the preceding analysis, we conclude that studies of microRNAs that regulate mitochondrial function will expedite the development of treatments for cerebral ischemia-reperfusion injury. View Full-Text
Keywords: ischemic-reperfusion; mitochondria; miRNAs; cerebral ischemic-reperfusion; mitochondria; miRNAs; cerebral

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Hu, Y.; Deng, H.; Xu, S.; Zhang, J. MicroRNAs Regulate Mitochondrial Function in Cerebral Ischemia-Reperfusion Injury. Int. J. Mol. Sci. 2015, 16, 24895-24917.

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