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Int. J. Mol. Sci. 2014, 15(5), 7380-7397;

The Role of Symbiotic Nitrogen Fixation in Sustainable Production of Biofuels

Centre for Integrative Legume Research (CILR), The University of Queensland, St Lucia Brisbane, QLD 4072, Australia
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 17 February 2014 / Revised: 25 March 2014 / Accepted: 25 March 2014 / Published: 29 April 2014
Full-Text   |   PDF [1171 KB, uploaded 19 June 2014]


With the ever-increasing population of the world (expected to reach 9.6 billion by 2050), and altered life style, comes an increased demand for food, fuel and fiber. However, scarcity of land, water and energy accompanied by climate change means that to produce enough to meet the demands is getting increasingly challenging. Today we must use every avenue from science and technology available to address these challenges. The natural process of symbiotic nitrogen fixation, whereby plants such as legumes fix atmospheric nitrogen gas to ammonia, usable by plants can have a substantial impact as it is found in nature, has low environmental and economic costs and is broadly established. Here we look at the importance of symbiotic nitrogen fixation in the production of biofuel feedstocks; how this process can address major challenges, how improving nitrogen fixation is essential, and what we can do about it. View Full-Text
Keywords: biofuel; legumes; life-cycle analysis; nitrogen fixation biofuel; legumes; life-cycle analysis; nitrogen fixation
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY 3.0).

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Biswas, B.; Gresshoff, P.M. The Role of Symbiotic Nitrogen Fixation in Sustainable Production of Biofuels. Int. J. Mol. Sci. 2014, 15, 7380-7397.

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