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Open AccessArticle

Resveratrol Inhibits Ionising Irradiation-Induced Inflammation in MSCs by Activating SIRT1 and Limiting NLRP-3 Inflammasome Activation

1
Tianjin Key Lab of Molecular Nuclear Medicine, Institute of Radiation Medicine of Chinese Academy of Medical Science and Peking Union Medical College, Tianjin 300192, China
2
National Institute for Medical Radiological Protection, Chinese Center for Disease Control and Prevention, Beijing 100088, China
*
Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Int. J. Mol. Sci. 2013, 14(7), 14105-14118; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijms140714105
Received: 3 May 2013 / Revised: 3 June 2013 / Accepted: 21 June 2013 / Published: 8 July 2013
(This article belongs to the Collection Radiation Toxicity in Cells)
IL-1β, a pro-inflammatory cytokine, has been shown to contribute to radiation injury. Sirt1, an NAD+-dependent class III protein deacetylase, plays an important role in the regulation of the proinflammatory cytokines involved in inflammation-associated diseases. The relationship between Sirt1 and IL-1β, however, has remained elusive. The present study was designed to explore the potential effect of Sirt1 on IL-1β expression induced by radiation and to provide a new target for the development of radiation protection drugs. Our results showed that radiation significantly increased IL-1β mRNA and protein expression and that pretreatment with resveratrol, a Sirt1 activator, inhibited the radiation-induced IL-1β expression in a concentration-dependent manner, whereas the knockdown or inhibition of Sirt1 by nicotinamide significantly enhanced radiation-induced IL-1β expression. This effect can likely be attributed to Sirt1-mediated inhibition of NLRP-3 inflammasome activation because Sirt1 inhibits the transactivation potential of NF-κb by deacetylation, which then suppresses NLRP3 transcription. Taken together, the results demonstrate that Sirt1 exerts anti-inflammatory effects by regulating NLRP3 expression partially through the NF-κb pathway in mesenchymal stem cells. More importantly, our findings suggest that resveratrol is an effective agent in protecting against radiation injury, and we provide a theoretical basis for developing a drug to protect against radiation injury by targeting Sirt1. View Full-Text
Keywords: radiation; IL-1β; SIRT1; NLRP3; resveratrol radiation; IL-1β; SIRT1; NLRP3; resveratrol
MDPI and ACS Style

Fu, Y.; Wang, Y.; Du, L.; Xu, C.; Cao, J.; Fan, T.; Liu, J.; Su, X.; Fan, S.; Liu, Q.; Fan, F. Resveratrol Inhibits Ionising Irradiation-Induced Inflammation in MSCs by Activating SIRT1 and Limiting NLRP-3 Inflammasome Activation. Int. J. Mol. Sci. 2013, 14, 14105-14118.

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