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Open AccessArticle

Effect of Calcium Sprays on Mechanical Strength and Cell Wall Fractions of Herbaceous Peony (Paeonia Lactiflora Pall.) Inflorescence Stems

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College of Horticulture and Plant Protection, Yangzhou University, Yangzhou 225009, China
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Department of Landscape Architecture and Horticulture Yangzhou Vocational College of Environment and Resources, Yangzhou 225127, China
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Int. J. Mol. Sci. 2012, 13(4), 4704-4713; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijms13044704
Received: 2 March 2012 / Revised: 15 March 2012 / Accepted: 19 March 2012 / Published: 13 April 2012
Calcium is an essential element and imparts significant structural rigidity to the plant cell walls, which provide the main mechanical support to the entire plant. In order to increase the mechanical strength of the inflorescence stems of herbaceous peony, the stems are treated with calcium chloride. The results shows that preharvest sprays with 4% (w/v) calcium chloride three times after bud emergence are the best at strengthening “Da Fugui” peonies’ stems. Calcium sprays increased the concentrations of endogenous calcium, total pectin content as well as cell wall fractions in herbaceous peonies stems, and significantly increased the contents of them in the top segment. Correlation analysis showed that the breaking force of the top segment of peonies’ stems was positively correlated with the ratio of water insoluble pectin to water soluble pectin (R = 0.673) as well as lignin contents (R = 0.926) after calcium applications. View Full-Text
Keywords: calcium; breaking force; cell wall fractions; herbaceous peony; inflorescence stem calcium; breaking force; cell wall fractions; herbaceous peony; inflorescence stem
MDPI and ACS Style

Li, C.; Tao, J.; Zhao, D.; You, C.; Ge, J. Effect of Calcium Sprays on Mechanical Strength and Cell Wall Fractions of Herbaceous Peony (Paeonia Lactiflora Pall.) Inflorescence Stems. Int. J. Mol. Sci. 2012, 13, 4704-4713.

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