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Open AccessArticle

Lipid Peroxidative Damage on Cisplatin Exposure and Alterations in Antioxidant Defense System in Rat Kidneys: A Possible Protective Effect of Selenium

1
Institute of Biology and Ecology, Faculty of Science, University of Kragujevac, Radoja Domanovića 12, 34000 Kragujevac, Serbia
2
Department of Physiology, Institute for Biological Research “Siniša Stanković”, University of Belgrade, Bulevar despota Stefana 142, 11000 Belgrade, Serbia
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Int. J. Mol. Sci. 2012, 13(2), 1790-1803; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijms13021790
Received: 23 November 2011 / Revised: 23 January 2012 / Accepted: 31 January 2012 / Published: 8 February 2012
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Antioxidants)
Cisplatin (Cis-diamminedichloroplatinum II, CP) is an important chemotherapeutic agent, useful in the treatment of several cancers, but with several side effects such as nephrotoxicity. The present study investigated the possible protective effect of selenium (Se) against CP-induced oxidative stress in the rat kidneys. Male Wistar albino rats were injected with a single dose of cisplatin (7 mg CP/kg b.m., i.p.) and selenium (6 mg Se/kg b.m, as Na2SeO3, i.p.), alone or in combination. The obtained results showed that CP increased lipid peroxidation (LPO) and decreased reduced glutathione (GSH) concentrations, suggesting the CP-induced oxidative stress, while Se treatment reversed this change to control values. Acute intoxication of rats with CP was followed by statistically significant decreased activity of antioxidant defense enzymes: superoxide dismutase (SOD), catalase (CAT), glutathione peroxidase (GSH-Px), glutathione reductase (GR) and glutathione-S-transferase (GST). Treatment with Se reversed CP-induced alterations of antioxidant defense enzyme activities and significantly prevented the CP-induced kidney damage. View Full-Text
Keywords: cisplatin; selenium; nephrotoxicity; lipid peroxidation; antioxidant defense system cisplatin; selenium; nephrotoxicity; lipid peroxidation; antioxidant defense system
MDPI and ACS Style

Ognjanović, B.I.; Djordjević, N.Z.; Matić, M.M.; Obradović, J.M.; Mladenović, J.M.; Štajn, A.Š.; Saičić, Z.S. Lipid Peroxidative Damage on Cisplatin Exposure and Alterations in Antioxidant Defense System in Rat Kidneys: A Possible Protective Effect of Selenium. Int. J. Mol. Sci. 2012, 13, 1790-1803.

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