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Open AccessArticle

The Effect of Sodium Dodecyl Sulfate (SDS) and Cetyltrimethylammonium Bromide (CTAB) on the Properties of ZnO Synthesized by Hydrothermal Method

1
Advanced Material and Nanotechnology Laboratory (AMNL), Institute of Advanced Technology (ITMA), Universiti Putra Malaysia, 43400 UPM, Serdang, Selangor, Malaysia
2
Department of Chemistry, Faculty of Science, Universiti Putra Malaysia, 43400 UPM, Serdang, Selangor, Malaysia
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Int. J. Mol. Sci. 2012, 13(10), 13275-13293; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijms131013275
Received: 23 July 2012 / Revised: 16 September 2012 / Accepted: 17 September 2012 / Published: 16 October 2012
(This article belongs to the Section Materials Science)
ZnO nanostructures were synthesized by hydrothermal method using different molar ratios of cetyltrimethylammonium bromide (CTAB) and Sodium dodecyl sulfate (SDS) as structure directing agents. The effect of surfactants on the morphology of the ZnO crystals was investigated by field emission scanning electron microscopy (FESEM) and transmission electron microscopy (TEM) techniques. The results indicate that the mixture of cationic-anionic surfactants can significantly modify the shape and size of ZnO particles. Various structures such as flakes, sheets, rods, spheres, flowers and triangular-like particles sized from micro to nano were obtained. In order to examine the possible changes in other properties of ZnO, characterizations like powder X-ray diffraction (PXRD), thermogravimetric and differential thermogravimetric analysis (TGA-DTG), FTIR, surface area and porosity and UV-visible spectroscopy analysis were also studied and discussed. View Full-Text
Keywords: zinc oxide; sodium dodecyl sulfate; cetyltrimethylammonium bromide; hydrothermal synthesis zinc oxide; sodium dodecyl sulfate; cetyltrimethylammonium bromide; hydrothermal synthesis
MDPI and ACS Style

Ramimoghadam, D.; Hussein, M.Z.B.; Taufiq-Yap, Y.H. The Effect of Sodium Dodecyl Sulfate (SDS) and Cetyltrimethylammonium Bromide (CTAB) on the Properties of ZnO Synthesized by Hydrothermal Method. Int. J. Mol. Sci. 2012, 13, 13275-13293.

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