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An Overview of the Antimicrobial Properties of Lignocellulosic Materials

3B’s Research Group, I3Bs—Research Institute on Biomaterials, Biodegradables and Biomimetics of University of Minho, Headquarters of the European Institute of Excellence on Tissue Engineering and Regenerative Medicine, AvePark—Parque de Ciência e Tecnologia, Zona Industrial da Gandra, 4805-017 Barco/Guimarães, Portugal
ICVS/3B’s—PT Government Associate Laboratory, 4805-017 Braga/Guimarães, Portugal
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Piersandro Pallavicini
Molecules 2021, 26(6), 1749;
Received: 12 February 2021 / Revised: 10 March 2021 / Accepted: 17 March 2021 / Published: 20 March 2021
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Lignocellulosic Materials)
Pathogenic microbes are a major source of health and environmental problems, mostly due to their easy proliferation on most surfaces. Currently, new classes of antimicrobial agents are under development to prevent microbial adhesion and biofilm formation. However, they are mostly from synthetic origin and present several disadvantages. The use of natural biopolymers such as cellulose, hemicellulose, and lignin, derived from lignocellulosic materials as antimicrobial agents has a promising potential. Lignocellulosic materials are one of the most abundant natural materials from renewable sources, and they present attractive characteristics, such as low density and biodegradability, are low-cost, high availability, and environmentally friendly. This review aims to provide new insights into the current usage and potential of lignocellulosic materials (biopolymer and fibers) as antimicrobial materials, highlighting their future application as a novel drug-free antimicrobial polymer. View Full-Text
Keywords: lignocellulosic materials; natural fibers; bacteria; fungi lignocellulosic materials; natural fibers; bacteria; fungi
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MDPI and ACS Style

Lobo, F.C.M.; Franco, A.R.; Fernandes, E.M.; Reis, R.L. An Overview of the Antimicrobial Properties of Lignocellulosic Materials. Molecules 2021, 26, 1749.

AMA Style

Lobo FCM, Franco AR, Fernandes EM, Reis RL. An Overview of the Antimicrobial Properties of Lignocellulosic Materials. Molecules. 2021; 26(6):1749.

Chicago/Turabian Style

Lobo, Flávia C.M., Albina R. Franco, Emanuel M. Fernandes, and Rui L. Reis. 2021. "An Overview of the Antimicrobial Properties of Lignocellulosic Materials" Molecules 26, no. 6: 1749.

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