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Article

Corn Silage Supplemented with Pomegranate (Punica granatum) and Avocado (Persea americana) Pulp and Seed Wastes for Improvement of Meat Characteristics in Poultry Production

1
Laboratory of Food and Biosystems Engineering, Department of Agrotechnology, University of Thessaly, 41110 Larissa, Greece
2
Laboratory of Food Microbiology, Department of Food Technology, University of Thessaly, 43100 Karditsa, Greece
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
These authors contributed equally to the work.
Academic Editors: Vincenzo De Feo and Nazimah Hamid
Molecules 2021, 26(19), 5901; https://doi.org/10.3390/molecules26195901
Received: 15 June 2021 / Revised: 16 September 2021 / Accepted: 27 September 2021 / Published: 29 September 2021
In the present study, pomegranate peels, avocado peels, and seed vacuum microwave extraction solid by-products were supplemented in corn silage in order to investigate the effects on meat quality and growth rate in broiler chicken. There were 50 broilers, divided in two groups, treated with experimental or usual feed for 43 days (group A: 25 broilers fed with avocado and pomegranate by-products and group B: 25 broilers fed with corn-silage used as control). The results showed that broiler chickens fed with a diet supplemented with a mixture of pomegranate avocado by-products (group A) showed significant differences in chicken leg meat quality, significantly improving the level of proteins and fatty acids content in breast and leg meat, respectively. More specific ω3 and ω6 fatty acids content were three times higher than in group B. Moreover, a protective effect on the decomposition of polyunsaturated fatty acids, induced by free radicals and presented in chicken meat, is based on the evaluation of lipid peroxidation by measuring thiobarbituric acid reactive substances. Pomegranate peels, avocado peels, and seed by-products appeared to have a slight reduction on meat production, while it was found to improve the qualitative chicken meat characteristics. Regarding the production costs, it was calculated that the corn-silage supplementation, used in this study, lead to a 50% lower cost than the commercial corn-silage used for the breeding of broilers. View Full-Text
Keywords: silage supplement; pomegranate residues; avocado residues; poultry; antioxidant; meat quality silage supplement; pomegranate residues; avocado residues; poultry; antioxidant; meat quality
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MDPI and ACS Style

Leontopoulos, S.; Skenderidis, P.; Petrotos, K.; Giavasis, I. Corn Silage Supplemented with Pomegranate (Punica granatum) and Avocado (Persea americana) Pulp and Seed Wastes for Improvement of Meat Characteristics in Poultry Production. Molecules 2021, 26, 5901. https://doi.org/10.3390/molecules26195901

AMA Style

Leontopoulos S, Skenderidis P, Petrotos K, Giavasis I. Corn Silage Supplemented with Pomegranate (Punica granatum) and Avocado (Persea americana) Pulp and Seed Wastes for Improvement of Meat Characteristics in Poultry Production. Molecules. 2021; 26(19):5901. https://doi.org/10.3390/molecules26195901

Chicago/Turabian Style

Leontopoulos, Stefanos, Prodromos Skenderidis, Konstantinos Petrotos, and Ioannis Giavasis. 2021. "Corn Silage Supplemented with Pomegranate (Punica granatum) and Avocado (Persea americana) Pulp and Seed Wastes for Improvement of Meat Characteristics in Poultry Production" Molecules 26, no. 19: 5901. https://doi.org/10.3390/molecules26195901

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