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Article

New Strategies for the Simple and Sensitive Voltammetric Direct Quantification of Se(IV) in Environmental Waters Employing Bismuth Film Modified Glassy Carbon Electrode and Amberlite Resin

Department of Analytical Chemistry, Institute of Chemical Sciences, Faculty of Chemistry, Maria Curie-Sklodowska University, 20-031 Lublin, Poland
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Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editors: Marek Trojanowicz, Jingying Zhai and Wenyue Gao
Molecules 2021, 26(14), 4130; https://doi.org/10.3390/molecules26144130
Received: 17 June 2021 / Revised: 2 July 2021 / Accepted: 4 July 2021 / Published: 7 July 2021
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Frontiers in Analytical Methods for Water Analysis)
An analytical procedure regarding the determination of selenium(IV) by anodic stripping voltammetry exploiting the in situ plated bismuth film electrode is described. Since organics are commonly present in untreated natural water samples, the use of Amberlite XAD-7 resin turns out to be quite important to avoid problems such as the adsorption of these compounds on the working electrode. The optimum circumstances for the detection of selenium in water using differential pulse voltammetry techniques were found to be as follows: 0.1 mol L−1 acetic acid, 1.9 × 10−5 mol L−1 Bi(III), 0.1 g Amberlite XAD-7 resin, and successive potentials of −1.6 V for 5 s and −0.4 V for 60 s, during which the in situ formation of the bismuth film on glassy carbon and the accumulation of selenium took place. The current of the anodic peak varies linearly with the selenium concentration ranging from 3 × 10−9 mol L−1 to 3 × 10−6 mol L−1 (r = 0.9995), with a detection limit of 8 × 10−10 mol L−1. The proposed procedure was used for Se(IV) determination in certified reference materials and natural water samples, and acceptable results and recoveries were obtained. View Full-Text
Keywords: electrochemical measurement; stripping voltammetry; eco-friendly detection of selenium; environmental water sample; resin electrochemical measurement; stripping voltammetry; eco-friendly detection of selenium; environmental water sample; resin
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MDPI and ACS Style

Grabarczyk, M.; Adamczyk, M. New Strategies for the Simple and Sensitive Voltammetric Direct Quantification of Se(IV) in Environmental Waters Employing Bismuth Film Modified Glassy Carbon Electrode and Amberlite Resin. Molecules 2021, 26, 4130. https://doi.org/10.3390/molecules26144130

AMA Style

Grabarczyk M, Adamczyk M. New Strategies for the Simple and Sensitive Voltammetric Direct Quantification of Se(IV) in Environmental Waters Employing Bismuth Film Modified Glassy Carbon Electrode and Amberlite Resin. Molecules. 2021; 26(14):4130. https://doi.org/10.3390/molecules26144130

Chicago/Turabian Style

Grabarczyk, Małgorzata, and Marzena Adamczyk. 2021. "New Strategies for the Simple and Sensitive Voltammetric Direct Quantification of Se(IV) in Environmental Waters Employing Bismuth Film Modified Glassy Carbon Electrode and Amberlite Resin" Molecules 26, no. 14: 4130. https://doi.org/10.3390/molecules26144130

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