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Review

The Effects of Medicinal Plants and Bioactive Natural Compounds on Homocysteine

1
Department of Clinical Nutrition, School of Nutrition and Food Science, Isfahan University of Medical Sciences, Isfahan 8174673461, Iran
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Food Security Research Center, Isfahan University of Medical Sciences, Isfahan 8174673461, Iran
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Anesthesia and Critical Care Research Center, Isfahan University of Medical Sciences, Isfahan 8174673461, Iran
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Department of Community Nutrition, School of Nutrition and Food Science, Isfahan University of Medical Sciences, Isfahan 8174673461, Iran
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Applied Biomedical Research Center, Mashhad University of Medical Sciences, Mashhad 9177948564, Iran
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Biotechnology Research Center, Pharmaceutical Technology Institute, Mashhad University of Medical Sciences, Mashhad 9177948564, Iran
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School of Pharmacy, Mashhad University of Medical Sciences, Mashhad 9177948954, Iran
*
Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Maurizio Battino
Molecules 2021, 26(11), 3081; https://doi.org/10.3390/molecules26113081
Received: 19 March 2021 / Revised: 11 May 2021 / Accepted: 18 May 2021 / Published: 21 May 2021
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Natural Products for Cardiovascular Disease)
Background: Among non-communicable diseases, cardiovascular diseases (CVDs) are the leading cause of mortality and morbidity in global communities. By 2030, CVD-related deaths are projected to reach a global rise of 25 million. Obesity, smoking, alcohol, hyperlipidemia, hypertension, and hyperhomocysteinemia are several known risk factors for CVDs. Elevated homocysteine is tightly related to CVDs through multiple mechanisms, including inflammation of the vascular endothelium. The strategies for appropriate management of CVDs are constantly evolving; medicinal plants have received remarkable attention in recent researches, since these natural products have promising effects on the prevention and treatment of various chronic diseases. The effects of nutraceuticals and herbal products on CVD/dyslipidemia have been previously studied. However, to our knowledge, the association between herbal bioactive compounds and homocysteine has not been reviewed in details. Thus, the main objective of this study is to review the efficacy of bioactive natural compounds on homocysteine levels according to clinical trials and animal studies. Results: Based on animal studies, black and green tea, cinnamon, resveratrol, curcumin, garlic extract, ginger, and soy significantly reduced the homocysteine levels. According to the clinical trials, curcumin and resveratrol showed favorable effects on serum homocysteine. In conclusion, this review highlighted the beneficial effects of medicinal plants as natural, inexpensive, and accessible agents on homocysteine levels based on animal studies. Nevertheless, the results of the clinical trials were not uniform, suggesting that more well-designed trials are warranted. View Full-Text
Keywords: non-communicable diseases; cardiovascular disease; homocysteine; herbal medicine; medicinal plants non-communicable diseases; cardiovascular disease; homocysteine; herbal medicine; medicinal plants
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MDPI and ACS Style

Atazadegan, M.A.; Bagherniya, M.; Askari, G.; Tasbandi, A.; Sahebkar, A. The Effects of Medicinal Plants and Bioactive Natural Compounds on Homocysteine. Molecules 2021, 26, 3081. https://doi.org/10.3390/molecules26113081

AMA Style

Atazadegan MA, Bagherniya M, Askari G, Tasbandi A, Sahebkar A. The Effects of Medicinal Plants and Bioactive Natural Compounds on Homocysteine. Molecules. 2021; 26(11):3081. https://doi.org/10.3390/molecules26113081

Chicago/Turabian Style

Atazadegan, Mohammad A.; Bagherniya, Mohammad; Askari, Gholamreza; Tasbandi, Aida; Sahebkar, Amirhossein. 2021. "The Effects of Medicinal Plants and Bioactive Natural Compounds on Homocysteine" Molecules 26, no. 11: 3081. https://doi.org/10.3390/molecules26113081

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