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Open AccessFeature PaperArticle

Tuning of the Amount of Se in Rice (Oryza sativa) Grain by Varying the Nature of the Irrigation Method: Development of an ICP-MS Analytical Protocol, Validation and Application to 26 Different Rice Genotypes

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Dipartimento di Agraria, Università degli Studi di Sassari, Via E. De Nicola, 1, 07100 Sassari, Italy
2
Dipartimento di Chimica e Farmacia, Università degli Studi di Sassari, Via Vienna, 2, 07100 Sassari, Italy
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editors: Alessandra Gentili, Chiara Fanali and Michael Bolshov
Molecules 2020, 25(8), 1861; https://doi.org/10.3390/molecules25081861
Received: 13 March 2020 / Revised: 8 April 2020 / Accepted: 15 April 2020 / Published: 17 April 2020
(This article belongs to the Collection Advances in Food Analysis)
The amount of specific trace elements like selenium (Se) may be of health concern for humans if contained in too high (or low) quantities in staple foods like rice. Among the attempts aimed to optimize the Se concentration in rice, only few studies have been focused on the use of irrigation methods other than continuous flooding. Since intermittent irriguous methods, like sprinkler and saturation, have found to be effective in modifying the bioaccumulation of arsenic and cadmium in rice kernels, the main goal of this study is to measure the amount of the total Se contained in grains of 26 rice genotypes cultivated for two consecutive agrarian vintages in the same open field and with the same water, but differently irrigated with continuous flooding, sprinkler or saturation. To do this, an original and validated ICP-MS method has been developed. The validation parameters accounted for a high sensitivity and accuracy. Sprinkler irrigation is able to reduce in the average of 90% the amount of total Se in kernels in comparison to values measured in rice irrigated with continuous flooding. In conclusion, different irrigation techniques and rice genotypes seem to be valuable tools in order to allow in the future the customized modulation of the Se concentration in rice grain according to the needs of the various populations. View Full-Text
Keywords: selenium; rice; irrigation methods; bioaccumulation; ICP-MS; validation; continuous flooding irrigation; sprinkler irrigation; saturation irrigation; rice genotypes selenium; rice; irrigation methods; bioaccumulation; ICP-MS; validation; continuous flooding irrigation; sprinkler irrigation; saturation irrigation; rice genotypes
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Spanu, A.; Langasco, I.; Valente, M.; Deroma, M.A.; Spano, N.; Barracu, F.; Pilo, M.I.; Sanna, G. Tuning of the Amount of Se in Rice (Oryza sativa) Grain by Varying the Nature of the Irrigation Method: Development of an ICP-MS Analytical Protocol, Validation and Application to 26 Different Rice Genotypes. Molecules 2020, 25, 1861.

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