Corticotropin (ACTH, previously an adrenocorticotropic hormone) is used in the diagnosis and treatment of pituitary gland disorders, adrenal cortex disorders, and other diseases, including autoimmune polymyositis, systemic lupus erythematosus, rheumatoid arthritis, Crohn’s disease, and ulcerative colitis. So far, the ointment dosage form containing ACTH for use on the skin is unknown. Therefore, it seems appropriate to develop a semi-solid formulation with corticotropin. Emulsion ointments were prepared using an Unguator based on the cream base Lekobaza®
containing corticotropin in different concentrations, and then the physical and chemical parameters of the ointment formulations, such as pH, spreadability, rheological properties, and texture analysis, were evaluated. In addition, a USP apparatus 2 with enhancer cells was utilized to study the in vitro drug release characteristics of the selected formulations. All the ointments obtained were characterized by good spreadability and viscosity. An analysis of the ointment texture was performed and the dependence of the tested parameters on the ACTH content in the ointment was demonstrated. Examination of the structure of the ointment showed that a high concentration of ACTH increases the hardness and adhesiveness of the ointment. In turn, it adversely affects the cohesiveness and elasticity of the ointments tested. The results of the release study showed that ACTH is released the fastest from the formulation with the lowest concentration, while the slowest from the ointment with the highest concentration of ACTH.
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License
which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited