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Article

The Influence of Carbon Nature on the Catalytic Performance of Ru/C in Levulinic Acid Hydrogenation with Internal Hydrogen Source

1
Institute of General and Ecological Chemistry, Faculty of Chemistry, Lodz University of Technology, Żeromskiego 116, 90-924 Łódź, Poland
2
Faculty of Chemistry, Adam Mickiewicz University in Poznań, Uniwersytetu Poznańskiego 8, 61-614 Poznań, Poland
3
Department of Molecular Physics, Faculty of Chemistry, Lodz University of Technology, Żeromskiego 116, 90-924 Łódź, Poland
*
Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editors: Simona M. Coman and Madalina Tudorache
Molecules 2020, 25(22), 5362; https://doi.org/10.3390/molecules25225362
Received: 22 September 2020 / Revised: 29 October 2020 / Accepted: 11 November 2020 / Published: 17 November 2020
(This article belongs to the Special Issue New Approaches in Green Catalysis)
The influence of the nature of carbon materials used as a support for Ru/C catalysts on levulinic acid hydrogenation with formic acid as a hydrogen source toward gamma-valerolactone was investigated. It has been shown that the physicochemical properties of carbon strongly affect the catalytic activity of Ru catalysts. The relationship between the hydrogen mobility, strength of hydrogen adsorption, and catalytic performance was established. The catalyst possessing the highest number of defects, stimulating metal support interaction, exhibited the highest activity. The effect of the catalyst grain size was also studied. It was shown that the decrease in the grain size resulted in the formation of smaller Ru crystallites on the catalyst surface, which facilitates the activity. View Full-Text
Keywords: levulinic acid; formic acid; Ru/C; γ-valerolactone; biomass conversion; carbon materials levulinic acid; formic acid; Ru/C; γ-valerolactone; biomass conversion; carbon materials
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MDPI and ACS Style

Jędrzejczyk, M.; Soszka, E.; Goscianska, J.; Kozanecki, M.; Grams, J.; Ruppert, A.M. The Influence of Carbon Nature on the Catalytic Performance of Ru/C in Levulinic Acid Hydrogenation with Internal Hydrogen Source. Molecules 2020, 25, 5362. https://doi.org/10.3390/molecules25225362

AMA Style

Jędrzejczyk M, Soszka E, Goscianska J, Kozanecki M, Grams J, Ruppert AM. The Influence of Carbon Nature on the Catalytic Performance of Ru/C in Levulinic Acid Hydrogenation with Internal Hydrogen Source. Molecules. 2020; 25(22):5362. https://doi.org/10.3390/molecules25225362

Chicago/Turabian Style

Jędrzejczyk, Marcin, Emilia Soszka, Joanna Goscianska, Marcin Kozanecki, Jacek Grams, and Agnieszka M. Ruppert. 2020. "The Influence of Carbon Nature on the Catalytic Performance of Ru/C in Levulinic Acid Hydrogenation with Internal Hydrogen Source" Molecules 25, no. 22: 5362. https://doi.org/10.3390/molecules25225362

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