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Open AccessArticle

Association of Moderate Beer Consumption with the Gut Microbiota and SCFA of Healthy Adults

Immunonutrition Group, Department of Metabolism and Nutrition, Institute of Food Science, Technology and Nutrition (ICTAN), Spanish National Research Council (CSIC), C/Jose Antonio Novais, 28040 Madrid, Spain
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Molecules 2020, 25(20), 4772; https://doi.org/10.3390/molecules25204772
Received: 30 September 2020 / Revised: 15 October 2020 / Accepted: 15 October 2020 / Published: 17 October 2020
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Polyphenolic Compounds in Wine and Beer)
Fermented alcoholic drinks’ contribution to the gut microbiota composition is mostly unknown. However, intestinal microorganisms can use compounds present in beer. This work explored the associations between moderate consumption of beer, microbiota composition, and short chain fatty acid (SCFA) profile. Seventy eight subjects were selected from a 261 healthy adult cohort on the basis of their alcohol consumption pattern. Two groups were compared: (1) abstainers or occasional consumption (ABS) (n = 44; <1.5 alcohol g/day), and (2) beer consumption ≥70% of total alcohol (BEER) (n = 34; 200 to 600 mL 5% vol. beer/day; <15 mL 13% vol. wine/day; <15 mL 40% vol. spirits/day). Gut microbiota composition (16S rRNA gene sequencing) and SCFA concentration were analyzed in fecal samples. No differences were found in α and β diversity between groups. The relative abundance of gut bacteria showed that Clostridiaceae was lower (p = 0.009), while Blautia and Pseudobutyrivibrio were higher (p = 0.044 and p = 0.037, respectively) in BEER versus ABS. In addition, Alkaliphilus, in men, showed lower abundance in BEER than in ABS (p = 0.025). Butyric acid was higher in BEER than in ABS (p = 0.032), and correlated with Pseudobutyrivibrio abundance. In conclusion, the changes observed in a few taxa, and the higher butyric acid concentration in consumers versus non-consumers of beer, suggest a potentially beneficial effect of moderate beer consumption on intestinal health. View Full-Text
Keywords: alcohol; butyric acid; fiber; polyphenols; drinking pattern alcohol; butyric acid; fiber; polyphenols; drinking pattern
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González-Zancada, N.; Redondo-Useros, N.; Díaz, L.E.; Gómez-Martínez, S.; Marcos, A.; Nova, E. Association of Moderate Beer Consumption with the Gut Microbiota and SCFA of Healthy Adults. Molecules 2020, 25, 4772.

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