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Article

Anthocyanin Intake and Physical Activity: Associations with the Lipid Profile of a US Working Population

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Department of Preventive Medicine and Public Health, Navarra Institute for Health Research, University of Navarra, 31008 Pamplona, Spain
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Department of Environmental Health, Harvard T.H. Chan School of Public Health, 677 Huntington Avenue, Boston, MA 02115, USA
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Department of Preventive Medicine and Public Health, School of Medicine, Universidad Autónoma de Madrid, 28049 Madrid, Spain
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CIBER of Epidemiology and Public Health (CIBERESP), Carlos III Health Institute, 28029 Madrid, Spain
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Biomedical Research Network Centre for Pathophysiology of Obesity and Nutrition (CIBEROBN), Carlos III Health Institute, 28029 Madrid, Spain
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Department of Nutrition, Harvard T.H. Chan School, Boston, MA 02115, USA
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The Institute for Global Food Security, Queen’s University Belfast, Northern Ireland BT9 7BL, UK
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National Institute for Public Safety Health, Indianapolis, IN 324 E New York Street, Indianapolis, IN 46204, USA
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Occupational Medicine, The Cambridge Health Alliance/Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA 02139, USA
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editors: Luciana Mosca and Paula Silva
Molecules 2020, 25(19), 4398; https://doi.org/10.3390/molecules25194398
Received: 30 July 2020 / Revised: 18 September 2020 / Accepted: 22 September 2020 / Published: 24 September 2020
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Anthocyanin)
While growing evidence exists on the independent associations between anthocyanins and physical activity on cardiovascular disease (CVD) risk determinants, the possible interaction between these exposures has not yet been studied. We aimed to study the potential synergism between anthocyanin intake and physical activity on lipid profile measures. This cross-sectional study was conducted among 249 US career firefighters participating in the Feeding America’s Bravest trial. Anthocyanin intake was calculated using a validated food frequency questionnaire (FFQ) and physical activity level by a validated questionnaire. Multivariable linear regression models determined the extent to which anthocyanin intake and physical activity predicted lipid parameters. Generalized linear models were used for joint effect and interaction analyses on the multiplicative and additive scales. Both anthocyanins and physical activity were independently inversely associated with total cholesterol:high density lipoprotein (HDL) cholesterol. Only physical activity was inversely associated with triglycerides, low density lipoprotein (LDL) cholesterol:HDL, and triglycerides (TG):HDL. Although the combined exposure of low anthocyanin intake and low physical activity was associated with lower (RR = 2.83; 95% CI: 1.42 to 5.67) HDL cholesterol <40 mg/dL, neither multiplicative (p = 0.72) nor additive interactions were detected (relative excess risk due to interaction (RERI): 0.02; 95% CI: −1.63 to 1.66; p = 0.98). Our findings provide insight on the potential synergism between anthocyanin intake and physical activity on the lipid profile. View Full-Text
Keywords: anthocyanins; physical activity; lipid profile; cardiovascular disease; working population anthocyanins; physical activity; lipid profile; cardiovascular disease; working population
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MDPI and ACS Style

Hershey, M.S.; Sotos-Prieto, M.; Ruiz-Canela, M.; Martinez-Gonzalez, M.A.; Cassidy, A.; Moffatt, S.; Kales, S.N. Anthocyanin Intake and Physical Activity: Associations with the Lipid Profile of a US Working Population. Molecules 2020, 25, 4398. https://doi.org/10.3390/molecules25194398

AMA Style

Hershey MS, Sotos-Prieto M, Ruiz-Canela M, Martinez-Gonzalez MA, Cassidy A, Moffatt S, Kales SN. Anthocyanin Intake and Physical Activity: Associations with the Lipid Profile of a US Working Population. Molecules. 2020; 25(19):4398. https://doi.org/10.3390/molecules25194398

Chicago/Turabian Style

Hershey, Maria S., Mercedes Sotos-Prieto, Miguel Ruiz-Canela, Miguel A. Martinez-Gonzalez, Aedin Cassidy, Steven Moffatt, and Stefanos N. Kales 2020. "Anthocyanin Intake and Physical Activity: Associations with the Lipid Profile of a US Working Population" Molecules 25, no. 19: 4398. https://doi.org/10.3390/molecules25194398

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