Enhanced Enzymatic Hydrolysis of Pennisetum alopecuroides by Dilute Acid, Alkaline and Ferric Chloride Pretreatments
AbstractIn this study, effects of different pretreatment methods on the enzymatic digestibility of Pennisetum alopecuroides, a ubiquitous wild grass in China, were investigated to evaluate its potential as a feedstock for biofuel production. The stalk samples were separately pretreated with H2SO4, NaOH and FeCl3 solutions of different concentrations at 120 °C for 30 min, after which enzymatic hydrolysis was conducted to measure the digestibility of pretreated samples. Results demonstrated that different pretreatments were effective at removing hemicellulose, among which ferric chloride pretreatment (FCP) gave the highest soluble sugar recovery (200.2 mg/g raw stalk) from the pretreatment stage. In comparison with FCP and dilute acid pretreatment (DAP), dilute alkaline pretreatment (DALP) induced much higher delignification and stronger morphological changes of the biomass, making it more accessible to hydrolysis enzymes. As a result, DALP using 1.2% NaOH showed the highest total soluble sugar yield through the whole process from pretreatment to enzymatic hydrolysis (508.5 mg/g raw stalk). The present work indicates that DALP and FCP have the potential to enhance the effective bioconversion of lignocellulosic biomass like P. alopecuroides, hence making this material a valuable and promising energy plant. View Full-Text
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Tang, S.; Xu, C.; Vu, L.T.K.; Liu, S.; Ye, P.; Li, L.; Wu, Y.; Chen, M.; Xiao, Y.; Wu, Y.; Wang, Y.; Yan, Q.; Cheng, X. Enhanced Enzymatic Hydrolysis of Pennisetum alopecuroides by Dilute Acid, Alkaline and Ferric Chloride Pretreatments. Molecules 2019, 24, 1715.
Tang S, Xu C, Vu LTK, Liu S, Ye P, Li L, Wu Y, Chen M, Xiao Y, Wu Y, Wang Y, Yan Q, Cheng X. Enhanced Enzymatic Hydrolysis of Pennisetum alopecuroides by Dilute Acid, Alkaline and Ferric Chloride Pretreatments. Molecules. 2019; 24(9):1715.Chicago/Turabian Style
Tang, Shangyuan; Xu, Chunming; Vu, Linh T.K.; Liu, Sicheng; Ye, Peng; Li, Lingci; Wu, Yuxuan; Chen, Mengyu; Xiao, Yao; Wu, Yue; Wang, Yining; Yan, Qiong; Cheng, Xiyu. 2019. "Enhanced Enzymatic Hydrolysis of Pennisetum alopecuroides by Dilute Acid, Alkaline and Ferric Chloride Pretreatments." Molecules 24, no. 9: 1715.
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