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Molecules 2019, 24(5), 984; https://doi.org/10.3390/molecules24050984

Evolution and Antibacterial Evaluation of 8-Hydroxy-cycloberberine Derivatives as a Novel Family of Antibacterial Agents Against MRSA

Beijing Key Laboratory of Antimicrobial Agents, Institute of Medicinal Biotechnology, Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences and Peking Union Medical College, Beijing 100050, China
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These authors made equal contribution to this work.
Received: 14 February 2019 / Revised: 5 March 2019 / Accepted: 8 March 2019 / Published: 11 March 2019
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Abstract

Twenty-five new derivatives of 8-hydroxycycloberberine (1) were synthesized and evaluated for their activities against Gram-positive bacteria, taking 1 as the lead. Part of them displayed satisfactory antibacterial activities against methicillin-susceptible Staphylococcus aureus (MSSA) and methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA), as well as vancomycin-intermediate Staphylococcus aureus (VISA). Especially, compound 15a displayed an excellent anti-MRSA activity with MICs (minimum inhibitory concentrations) of 0.25–0.5 μg/mL, better than that of 1. It also displayed high stability in liver microsomes and whole blood, and the LD50 value of over 65.6 mg·kg−1 in mice via intravenous route, suggesting a good druglike feature. The mode of action showed that 15a could effectively suppress topo IV-mediated decatenation activity at the concentration of 7.5 μg/mL, through binding a different active pocket of bacterial topo IV from quinolones. Taken together, the derivatives of 1 constituted a promising kind of anti-MRSA agents with a unique chemical scaffold and a specific biological mechanism, and compound 15a has been chosen for the next investigation. View Full-Text
Keywords: cycloberberine; anti-MRSA; structure–activity relationship; topoisomerase IV cycloberberine; anti-MRSA; structure–activity relationship; topoisomerase IV
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited (CC BY 4.0).

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Yang, Y.-S.; Wei, W.; Hu, X.-X.; Tang, S.; Pang, J.; You, X.-F.; Fan, T.-Y.; Wang, Y.-X.; Song, D.-Q. Evolution and Antibacterial Evaluation of 8-Hydroxy-cycloberberine Derivatives as a Novel Family of Antibacterial Agents Against MRSA. Molecules 2019, 24, 984.

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