Microbial Asymmetric Functionalization of β-Cyclocitral-Derived Tetramethyl-Substituted γ-Lactone
AbstractSearching for the new anticancer compounds we prepared three new β-cyclocitral-derived hydroxyl-γ-lactones by microbial hydroxylation of tetramethyl-substituted bicyclic γ-lactone. The substrate was transformed by the enzymatic system of filamentous fungi. Three out of fifteen strains were selected as effective biocatalysts (Fusarium culmorum AM10, Armillaria mellea AM296, Trametes versicolor AM536). The hydroxylation processes were not only regioselective but also stereoselective. The hydroxylation products of each secondary carbon atom in the cyclohexane ring were obtained by the application of the selected fungal strains. The Fusarium culmorum AM10 introduced the hydroxy function at C-3 and C-4, Armillaria mellea AM296 incorporated the hydroxy function at C-3 and C-5 and Trametes versicolor AM536 transformed the substrate to the mixture of C-3, C-4 and C-5 hydroxylactones. The hydroxylactones obtained were enantiomericaly enriched (ee values in the range 17–99%). The in vitro antiproliferative activities of the functionalization products were also evaluated. Regardless of the hydroxy substituent location all tested lactones exhibited similar, significant activity towards selected cancer cell lines (IC50 in the range 22.8–33.9 µg/mL). View Full-Text
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Mazur, M.; Gładkowski, W.; Pawlak, A.; Obmińska-Mrukowicz, B.; Maciejewska, G.; Wawrzeńczyk, C. Microbial Asymmetric Functionalization of β-Cyclocitral-Derived Tetramethyl-Substituted γ-Lactone. Molecules 2019, 24, 666.
Mazur M, Gładkowski W, Pawlak A, Obmińska-Mrukowicz B, Maciejewska G, Wawrzeńczyk C. Microbial Asymmetric Functionalization of β-Cyclocitral-Derived Tetramethyl-Substituted γ-Lactone. Molecules. 2019; 24(4):666.Chicago/Turabian Style
Mazur, Marcelina; Gładkowski, Witold; Pawlak, Aleksandra; Obmińska-Mrukowicz, Bożena; Maciejewska, Gabriela; Wawrzeńczyk, Czesław. 2019. "Microbial Asymmetric Functionalization of β-Cyclocitral-Derived Tetramethyl-Substituted γ-Lactone." Molecules 24, no. 4: 666.
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