Next Article in Journal
Profiling and Pharmacokinetic Studies of Alkaloids in Rats After Oral Administration of Zanthoxylum nitidum Decoction by UPLC-Q-TOF-MS/MS and HPLC-MS/MS
Next Article in Special Issue
Machine Learning Analyses on Data including Essential Oil Chemical Composition and In Vitro Experimental Antibiofilm Activities against Staphylococcus Species
Previous Article in Journal
Design, Synthesis and Biological Evaluation of Nitrate Derivatives of Sauropunol A and B as Potent Vasodilatory Agents
Previous Article in Special Issue
Extraction of ‘Gannanzao’ Orange Peel Essential Oil by Response Surface Methodology and its Effect on Cancer Cell Proliferation and Migration
Article Menu
Issue 3 (February-1) cover image

Export Article

Open AccessArticle
Molecules 2019, 24(3), 584; https://doi.org/10.3390/molecules24030584

Volatiles Profiling, Allelopathic Activity, and Antioxidant Potentiality of Xanthium Strumarium Leaves Essential Oil from Egypt: Evidence from Chemometrics Analysis

1
Plant Production Department, College of Food & Agriculture Sciences, King Saud University, Riyadh 11451, Saudi Arabia
2
Department of Botany, Faculty of Science, Mansoura University, Mansoura 35516, Egypt
3
Department of Natural Compounds Chemistry, National Research Centre, 33 El Bohouth St., Dokki, Giza 12622, Egypt
4
Faculty of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Tokushima Bunri University, Yamashiro-cho, Tokushima 770-8514, Japan
5
Medicinal and Aromatic Plants Research Department, National Research Centre, 33 El Bohouth St., Dokki, Giza 12622, Egypt
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Francesca Mancianti
Received: 22 January 2019 / Revised: 3 February 2019 / Accepted: 5 February 2019 / Published: 7 February 2019
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Biological Activities of Essential Oils)
Full-Text   |   PDF [1192 KB, uploaded 7 February 2019]   |  

Abstract

The essential oil (EO) of Xanthium strumarium L. leaves (family: Asteraceae) was extracted by hydrodistillation, and then analyzed by gas chromatography-mass spectrometry (GC-MS). Forty-three essential compounds were identified. The sesquiterpenoids represented the major constituents (72.4%), including oxygenated (61.78%) and non-oxygenated (10.62%) sesquiterpenes, followed by monoterpenes (25.19%). The diterpenoids and oxygenated hydrocarbons were determined as minor compounds. The main constituents of the EO were 1,5-dimethyltetralin (14.27%), eudesmol (10.60%), l-borneol (6.59%), ledene alcohol (6.46%), (-)-caryophyllene oxide (5.36%), isolongifolene, 7,8-dehydro-8a-hydroxy (5.06%), L-bornyl acetate (3.77%), and aristolene epoxide (3.58%). A comparative analysis was stated here between the EO of Egyptian X. strumarium and those previously reported from Pakistan, Iran, and Brazil based on chemometic tools such as principal components analysis (PCA) and agglomerative hierarchical clustering (AHC). The EO of X. strumarium showed weak 1, 1-diphenyl-2-picryl hydrazyl (DPPH) radical scavenging activity with IC50 321.93 µL/L−1, which was comparable to ascorbic acid as a reference. However, the EO exhibited significant allelopathic potential regarding the germination and growth of the noxious weed Bidens pilosa in a concentration-dependent manner. Therefore, further study is recommended to characterize the EO from X. strumarium as an eco-friendly green bioherbicide against weeds, as well as determine their mode of actions. View Full-Text
Keywords: Xanthium strumarium; essential oil; PCA; AHC; phytotoxicity; antioxidant activity Xanthium strumarium; essential oil; PCA; AHC; phytotoxicity; antioxidant activity
Figures

Graphical abstract

This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited (CC BY 4.0).
SciFeed

Share & Cite This Article

MDPI and ACS Style

El-Gawad, A.A.; Elshamy, A.; El Gendy, A. .-N.; Gaara, A.; Assaeed, A. Volatiles Profiling, Allelopathic Activity, and Antioxidant Potentiality of Xanthium Strumarium Leaves Essential Oil from Egypt: Evidence from Chemometrics Analysis. Molecules 2019, 24, 584.

Show more citation formats Show less citations formats

Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Related Articles

Article Metrics

Article Access Statistics

1

Comments

[Return to top]
Molecules EISSN 1420-3049 Published by MDPI AG, Basel, Switzerland RSS E-Mail Table of Contents Alert
Back to Top