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Open AccessReview

Metal Organic Frameworks as Desulfurization Adsorbents of DBT and 4,6-DMDBT from Fuels

1
Laboratory of Chemical and Environmental Technology, Chemistry Department, Aristotle University of Thessaloniki, GR–541 24 Thessaloniki, Greece
2
Institute of Physical Chemistry, Polish Academy of Sciences, Kasprzaka 44/52, 01-224 Warsaw, Poland
3
Department of Chemical Engineering, National Institute of Technology Karnataka (NITK), Surathkal, Srinivasanagar P.O. Mangalore 575025, India
4
Department of Environmental Health Engineering, Faculty of Health, Sabzevar University of Medical Sciences, Sabzevar POB 319, Iran
5
Department of Engineering, Kashmar Branch, Islamic Azad University, PO Box 161, Kashmar, Iran
*
Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Nigel T. Lucas
Molecules 2019, 24(24), 4525; https://doi.org/10.3390/molecules24244525
Received: 8 November 2019 / Revised: 23 November 2019 / Accepted: 26 November 2019 / Published: 10 December 2019
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Metal Organic Frameworks: Synthesis and Application)
Ultradeep desulfurization of fuels is a method of enormous demand due to the generation of harmful compounds during the burning of sulfur-containing fuels, which are a major source of environmental pollution. Among the various desulfurization methods in application, adsorptive desulfurization (ADS) has low energy demand and is feasible to be employed at ambient conditions without the addition of chemicals. The most crucial factor for ADS application is the selection of the adsorbent, and, currently, a new family of porous materials, metal organic frameworks (MOFs), has proved to be very effective towards this direction. In the current review, applications of MOFs and their functionalized composites for ADS are presented and discussed, as well as the main desulfurization mechanisms reported for the removal of thiophenic compounds by various frameworks. Prospective methods regarding the further improvement of MOF’s desulfurization capability are also suggested. View Full-Text
Keywords: metal organic framework (MOF); adsorptive desulfurization of fuels; thiophenic compounds; dibenzothiophene (DBT); 4,6-dimethyldibenzothiophene (4,6-DMDBT) metal organic framework (MOF); adsorptive desulfurization of fuels; thiophenic compounds; dibenzothiophene (DBT); 4,6-dimethyldibenzothiophene (4,6-DMDBT)
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MDPI and ACS Style

Kampouraki, Z.-C.; Giannakoudakis, D.A.; Nair, V.; Hosseini-Bandegharaei, A.; Colmenares, J.C.; Deliyanni, E.A. Metal Organic Frameworks as Desulfurization Adsorbents of DBT and 4,6-DMDBT from Fuels. Molecules 2019, 24, 4525.

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