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The Assembly of Porphyrin Systems in Well-Defined Nanostructures: An Update

1
Dipartimento di Scienze e Tecnologie Chimiche, Università di Roma Tor Vergata, via della Ricerca Scientifica, 1; 00133 Rome, Italy
2
Dipartimento di Ingegneria Elettronica, Università di Roma Tor Vergata, via del Politecnico, 1; 00134 Roma, Italy
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Molecules 2019, 24(23), 4307; https://doi.org/10.3390/molecules24234307
Received: 18 October 2019 / Revised: 15 November 2019 / Accepted: 21 November 2019 / Published: 26 November 2019
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Spatial Organization of Multi-Porphyrins for Pre-Defined Properties)
The interest in assembling porphyrin derivatives is widespread and is accounted by the impressive impact of these suprastructures of controlled size and shapes in many applications from nanomedicine and sensors to photocatalysis and optoelectronics. The massive use of porphyrin dyes as molecular building blocks of functional materials at different length scales relies on the interdependent pair properties, consisting of their chemical stability/synthetic versatility and their quite unique physicochemical properties. Remarkably, the driven spatial arrangement of these platforms in well-defined suprastructures can synergically amplify the already excellent properties of the individual monomers, improving conjugation and enlarging the intensity of the absorption range of visible light, or forming an internal electric field exploitable in light-harvesting and charge-and energy-transport processes. The countless potentialities offered by these systems means that self-assembly concepts and tools are constantly explored, as confirmed by the significant number of published articles related to porphyrin assemblies in the 2015–2019 period, which is the focus of this review. View Full-Text
Keywords: porphyrin; self-assembly; aggregation; nanostructures; soft-matters; supramolecular polymerization; chirality porphyrin; self-assembly; aggregation; nanostructures; soft-matters; supramolecular polymerization; chirality
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Magna, G.; Monti, D.; Di Natale, C.; Paolesse, R.; Stefanelli, M. The Assembly of Porphyrin Systems in Well-Defined Nanostructures: An Update. Molecules 2019, 24, 4307.

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