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Open AccessArticle

Facile Synthesis of Novel Prussian Blue–Lipid Nanocomplexes

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Pharmacy and Pharmaceutical Technology and, Physical Chemistry Department, Faculty of Pharmacy and Food Sciences, University of Barcelona, Avda. Joan XXIII, 27-31, 08028 Barcelona, Catalonia, Spain
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Institute of Nanoscience and Nanotechnology, IN2UB, Diagonal 645, 08028 Barcelona, Catalonia, Spain
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Department of Biotechnology, Polytechnic University of Sinaloa, Carretera Municipal Libre Mazatlán Higueras Km 3, 82199 Mazatlán, Sinaloa, Mexico
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Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Molecules 2019, 24(22), 4137; https://doi.org/10.3390/molecules24224137
Received: 9 October 2019 / Revised: 8 November 2019 / Accepted: 11 November 2019 / Published: 15 November 2019
Prussian blue (PB) is known for its multiple applications ranging from fine arts to therapeutics. More recently, PB nanoparticles have been pointed to as appealing photothermal agents (PA) when irradiated with wavelengths corresponding to the biological windows, namely regions located in the near infrared (NIR) zone. In addition, the combination of PB with other components such as phospholipids boosts their therapeutical potential by facilitating, for instance, the incorporation of drugs becoming suitable drug delivery systems. The novelty of the research relies on the synthesis procedure and characterization of hybrid lipid–PB nanoparticles with a high yield in a friendly environment suitable for photothermal therapy. This goal was achieved by first obtaining insoluble PB coated with oleylamine (OA) to facilitate its combination with lipids. The resulting lipid–PB complex showed a monomodal distribution of sizes with an overall size of around 100 nm and a polydispersity index of about 0.200. It highlights one critical step in the synthesis procedure that is the shaking time of the mixture of PB–OA nanoparticles with the lipid, which was found to be 48 h. This time assured homogeneous preparation without the need of further separation stages. Samples were stable for more than three months under several storage conditions. View Full-Text
Keywords: Prussian blue nanoparticles; lipid nanoparticles; photothermal agent; photothermal therapy; NIR Prussian blue nanoparticles; lipid nanoparticles; photothermal agent; photothermal therapy; NIR
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MDPI and ACS Style

Busquets, M.A.; Novella-Xicoy, A.; Guzmán, V.; Estelrich, J. Facile Synthesis of Novel Prussian Blue–Lipid Nanocomplexes. Molecules 2019, 24, 4137.

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