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Open AccessArticle

Anti-Platelet Properties of Phenolic Extracts from the Leaves and Twigs of Elaeagnus rhamnoides (L.) A. Nelson

1
Department of General Biochemistry, Faculty of Biology and Environmental Protection, University of Łódź, 90-236 Łódź, Poland
2
Department of Biochemistry, Institute of Soil Science and Plant Cultivation, State Research Institute, 24-100 Puławy, Poland
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Francesco Cacciola
Molecules 2019, 24(19), 3620; https://doi.org/10.3390/molecules24193620
Received: 12 September 2019 / Revised: 2 October 2019 / Accepted: 4 October 2019 / Published: 8 October 2019
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Bioactive Phenolic and Polyphenolic Compounds)
Sea buckthorn (Elaeagnus rhamnoides (L.) A. Nelson) is a small tree or bush. It belongs to the Elaeagnaceae family, and has been used for many years in traditional medicine in both Europe and Asia. However, there is no data on the effect of sea buckthorn leaves and twigs on the properties of blood platelets. The aim of the study was to analyze the biological activity of phenolic extracts from leaves and twigs of sea buckthorn in blood platelets in vitro. Two sets of extracts were used: (1) phenolic compounds from twigs and (2) phenolic compounds from leaves. Their biological effects on human blood platelets were studied by blood platelet adhesion, platelet aggregation, arachidonic acid metabolism and the generation of superoxide anion. Cytotoxicity was also evaluated against platelets. The action of extracts from sea buckthorn twigs and leaves was compared to activities of the phenolic extract (a commercial product from the berries of Aronia melanocarpa (Aronox®) with antioxidative and antiplatelet properties. This study is the first to demonstrate that extracts from sea buckthorn leaves and twigs are a source of bioactive compounds which may be used for the prophylaxis and treatment of cardiovascular pathologies associated with blood platelet hyperactivity. Both leaf and twig extracts were found to display anti-platelet activity in vitro. Moreover, the twig extract (rich in proanthocyanidins) displayed better anti-platelet potential than the leaf extract or aronia extract. View Full-Text
Keywords: antiplatelet activity; adhesion; aggregation; E. rhamnoides; blood platelets antiplatelet activity; adhesion; aggregation; E. rhamnoides; blood platelets
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MDPI and ACS Style

Skalski, B.; Kontek, B.; Rolnik, A.; Olas, B.; Stochmal, A.; Żuchowski, J. Anti-Platelet Properties of Phenolic Extracts from the Leaves and Twigs of Elaeagnus rhamnoides (L.) A. Nelson. Molecules 2019, 24, 3620.

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