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Open AccessReview

A Review on the Reactivity of 1-Amino-2-Nitroguanidine (ANQ)

1
School of Chemical Engineering, Northwest University, Xi’an 710069, China
2
Xi’an Modern Chemistry Research Institute, Xi’an 710065, China
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Svatopluk Zeman
Molecules 2019, 24(19), 3616; https://doi.org/10.3390/molecules24193616
Received: 27 August 2019 / Revised: 27 September 2019 / Accepted: 4 October 2019 / Published: 8 October 2019
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Advanced Chemistry of Energetic Materials)
1-Amino-2-nitroguanidine (ANQ) is a high-energy nitrogen-rich compound with good detonation properties and low sensitivities. ANQ has only a central carbon atom with three small groups around it, including an amino, a hydrazine and a nitroxyl group. Though the molecular structure of ANQ is very simple, its reactivity is surprisingly abundant. ANQ can undergo various reactions, including reduction reaction, acylation reaction, salification reaction, coordination reaction, aldimine condensation reaction, cyclization reaction and azide reaction. Many new energetic compounds were purposely obtained through these reactions. These reactions were systematically summarized in this review, and detonation properties of some energetic compounds were compared. In the field of energetic materials, ANQ and some derivatives exhibit good application prospects. View Full-Text
Keywords: 1-Amino-2-nitroguanidine (ANQ); energetic materials; derivatives; energetic properties 1-Amino-2-nitroguanidine (ANQ); energetic materials; derivatives; energetic properties
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MDPI and ACS Style

Wang, J.; Cai, M.; Zhao, F.; Xu, K. A Review on the Reactivity of 1-Amino-2-Nitroguanidine (ANQ). Molecules 2019, 24, 3616.

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