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Applications of Nanotechnology in Plant Growth and Crop Protection: A Review

1
Department of Horticulture, Zijingang Campus, Zhejiang University, Yuhangtang Road 866, Hangzhou 310058, China
2
Department of Agricultural Chemistry, Sylhet Agricultural University, Sylhet 3100, Bangladesh
3
College of Forestry, Henan University of Science and Technology, Luoyang 471023, China
4
Zhejiang Institute of Geological Survey, Xiaojin Road 508, Hangzhou 311203, China
*
Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
These authors contributed equally to this work.
Molecules 2019, 24(14), 2558; https://doi.org/10.3390/molecules24142558
Received: 19 June 2019 / Revised: 5 July 2019 / Accepted: 8 July 2019 / Published: 13 July 2019
(This article belongs to the Section Nanochemistry)
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PDF [1649 KB, uploaded 15 July 2019]
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Abstract

In the era of climate change, global agricultural systems are facing numerous, unprecedented challenges. In order to achieve food security, advanced nano-engineering is a handy tool for boosting crop production and assuring sustainability. Nanotechnology helps to improve agricultural production by increasing the efficiency of inputs and minimizing relevant losses. Nanomaterials offer a wider specific surface area to fertilizers and pesticides. In addition, nanomaterials as unique carriers of agrochemicals facilitate the site-targeted controlled delivery of nutrients with increased crop protection. Due to their direct and intended applications in the precise management and control of inputs (fertilizers, pesticides, herbicides), nanotools, such as nanobiosensors, support the development of high-tech agricultural farms. The integration of biology and nanotechnology into nonosensors has greatly increased their potential to sense and identify the environmental conditions or impairments. In this review, we summarize recent attempts at innovative uses of nanotechnologies in agriculture that may help to meet the rising demand for food and environmental sustainability. View Full-Text
Keywords: nanotechnology; nanoagrochemicals; nanosensors; nanobionics; sustainable agriculture; food security nanotechnology; nanoagrochemicals; nanosensors; nanobionics; sustainable agriculture; food security
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Shang, Y.; Hasan, M.K.; Ahammed, G.J.; Li, M.; Yin, H.; Zhou, J. Applications of Nanotechnology in Plant Growth and Crop Protection: A Review. Molecules 2019, 24, 2558.

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