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Mesoporous Silica-Based Materials for Electronics-Oriented Applications

1
Institute of Nuclear Physics Polish Academy of Sciences, PL-31342 Krakow, Poland
2
Laboratoire de Chimie Physique et Microbiologie pour les Matériaux et l’Environnement (LCPME), UMR 7564 CNRS—Université de Lorraine, 405 rue de Vandoeuvre, 54600 Villers-les-Nancy, France
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Molecules 2019, 24(13), 2395; https://doi.org/10.3390/molecules24132395
Received: 28 May 2019 / Revised: 21 June 2019 / Accepted: 21 June 2019 / Published: 28 June 2019
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Microporous/Mesoporous Inorganic Materials)
Electronics, and nanoelectronics in particular, represent one of the most promising branches of technology. The search for novel and more efficient materials seems to be natural here. Thus far, silicon-based devices have been monopolizing this domain. Indeed, it is justified since it allows for significant miniaturization of electronic elements by their densification in integrated circuits. Nevertheless, silicon has some restrictions. Since this material is applied in the bulk form, the miniaturization limit seems to be already reached. Moreover, smaller silicon-based elements (mainly processors) need much more energy and generate significantly more heat than their larger counterparts. In our opinion, the future belongs to nanostructured materials where a proper structure is obtained by means of bottom-up nanotechnology. A great example of a material utilizing nanostructuring is mesoporous silica, which, due to its outstanding properties, can find numerous applications in electronic devices. This focused review is devoted to the application of porous silica-based materials in electronics. We guide the reader through the development and most crucial findings of porous silica from its first synthesis in 1992 to the present. The article describes constant struggle of researchers to find better solutions to supercapacitors, lower the k value or redox-active hybrids while maintaining robust mechanical properties. Finally, the last section refers to ultra-modern applications of silica such as molecular artificial neural networks or super-dense magnetic memory storage. View Full-Text
Keywords: mesoporous silica materials; electrodes; supercapacitors; low-k dielectrics; sensors; molecular electronics; functionalized silica; electron transfer mesoporous silica materials; electrodes; supercapacitors; low-k dielectrics; sensors; molecular electronics; functionalized silica; electron transfer
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MDPI and ACS Style

Laskowski, Ł.; Laskowska, M.; Vila, N.; Schabikowski, M.; Walcarius, A. Mesoporous Silica-Based Materials for Electronics-Oriented Applications. Molecules 2019, 24, 2395. https://doi.org/10.3390/molecules24132395

AMA Style

Laskowski Ł, Laskowska M, Vila N, Schabikowski M, Walcarius A. Mesoporous Silica-Based Materials for Electronics-Oriented Applications. Molecules. 2019; 24(13):2395. https://doi.org/10.3390/molecules24132395

Chicago/Turabian Style

Laskowski, Łukasz; Laskowska, Magdalena; Vila, Neus; Schabikowski, Mateusz; Walcarius, Alain. 2019. "Mesoporous Silica-Based Materials for Electronics-Oriented Applications" Molecules 24, no. 13: 2395. https://doi.org/10.3390/molecules24132395

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