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Hair Metabolomics in Animal Studies and Clinical Settings

College of Pharmacy, Keimyung University, 1095 Dalgubeoldaero, Dalseo-gu, Daegu 42601, Korea
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Academic Editor: Makoto Tsunoda
Molecules 2019, 24(12), 2195; https://doi.org/10.3390/molecules24122195
Received: 23 April 2019 / Revised: 11 June 2019 / Accepted: 11 June 2019 / Published: 12 June 2019
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Biological Sample Analysis by Liquid Chromatography)
Metabolomics is a powerful tool used to understand comprehensive changes in the metabolic response and to study the phenotype of an organism by instrumental analysis. It most commonly involves mass spectrometry followed by data mining and metabolite assignment. For the last few decades, hair has been used as a valuable analytical sample to investigate retrospective xenobiotic exposure as it provides a wider window of detection than other biological samples such as saliva, plasma, and urine. Hair contains functional metabolomes such as amino acids and lipids. Moreover, segmental analysis of hair based on its growth rate can provide information on metabolic changes over time. Therefore, it has great potential as a metabolomics sample to monitor chronic diseases, including drug addiction or abnormal conditions. In the current review, the latest applications of hair metabolomics in animal studies and clinical settings are highlighted. For this purpose, we review and discuss the characteristics of hair as a metabolomics sample, the analytical techniques employed in hair metabolomics and the consequence of hair metabolome alterations in recent studies. Through this, the value of hair as an alternative biological sample in metabolomics is highlighted. View Full-Text
Keywords: hair; metabolomics; chronic disease; drug addiction; mass spectrometry hair; metabolomics; chronic disease; drug addiction; mass spectrometry
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Jang, W.-J.; Choi, J.Y.; Park, B.; Seo, J.H.; Seo, Y.H.; Lee, S.; Jeong, C.-H.; Lee, S. Hair Metabolomics in Animal Studies and Clinical Settings. Molecules 2019, 24, 2195.

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