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Review

Nanotechnology for Environmental Remediation: Materials and Applications

1
Department of Bioengineering, Clemson University, 301 Rhodes Research Center, Clemson, SC 29634, USA
2
Department of Chemistry, Clemson University, 467 Hunter Laboratories, Clemson, SC 29634, USA
3
School of Biological Sciences and Engineering, Yachay Tech, San Miguel de Urcuquí, Ibarra EC 100150, Ecuador
*
Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
CAPES Foundation, Ministry of Education of Brazil, Brasília-DF 70040-020, Brazil.
Molecules 2018, 23(7), 1760; https://doi.org/10.3390/molecules23071760
Received: 16 April 2018 / Revised: 4 July 2018 / Accepted: 11 July 2018 / Published: 18 July 2018
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Environmental Nanotechnology)
Environmental remediation relies mainly on using various technologies (e.g., adsorption, absorption, chemical reactions, photocatalysis, and filtration) for the removal of contaminants from different environmental media (e.g., soil, water, and air). The enhanced properties and effectiveness of nanotechnology-based materials makes them particularly suitable for such processes given that they have a high surface area-to-volume ratio, which often results in higher reactivity. This review provides an overview of three main categories of nanomaterials (inorganic, carbon-based, and polymeric-based materials) used for environmental remediation. The use of these nanomaterials for the remediation of different environmental contaminants—such as heavy metals, dyes, chlorinated organic compounds, organophosphorus compounds, volatile organic compounds, and halogenated herbicides—is reviewed. Various recent examples are extensively highlighted focusing on the materials and their applications. View Full-Text
Keywords: nanotechnology; nanomaterials; environmental remediation; nanostructures; contaminants; pollutants nanotechnology; nanomaterials; environmental remediation; nanostructures; contaminants; pollutants
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MDPI and ACS Style

Guerra, F.D.; Attia, M.F.; Whitehead, D.C.; Alexis, F. Nanotechnology for Environmental Remediation: Materials and Applications. Molecules 2018, 23, 1760. https://doi.org/10.3390/molecules23071760

AMA Style

Guerra FD, Attia MF, Whitehead DC, Alexis F. Nanotechnology for Environmental Remediation: Materials and Applications. Molecules. 2018; 23(7):1760. https://doi.org/10.3390/molecules23071760

Chicago/Turabian Style

Guerra, Fernanda D., Mohamed F. Attia, Daniel C. Whitehead, and Frank Alexis. 2018. "Nanotechnology for Environmental Remediation: Materials and Applications" Molecules 23, no. 7: 1760. https://doi.org/10.3390/molecules23071760

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