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Molecules 2018, 23(6), 1239; https://doi.org/10.3390/molecules23061239

Evaluating the Intoxicating Degree of Liquor Products with Combinations of Fusel Alcohols, Acids, and Esters

1
School of Biology and Biological Engineering, South China University of Technology, Guangzhou 510006, Guangdong, China
2
Guangdong Jiujiang Distillery Co., Ltd., Foshan 528203, Guangdong, China
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 19 April 2018 / Revised: 17 May 2018 / Accepted: 20 May 2018 / Published: 23 May 2018
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Abstract

To investigate the effects of fusel alcohols on the intoxicating degree of liquor products, formulated liquors (FLs) were prepared by blending 1-propanol, isobutanol, and isoamyl alcohol with ethanol, organic acids, and corresponding ethyl esters to simulate the formula of traditional Chinese liquors. The prepared FLs were submitted for evaluation of their intoxicating degree (ID). The results showed that the fusel alcohols had a biphasic effect on the IDs of the FLs, depending on the comprehensive coordination of the characteristic minor components. The importance of the suitable ratio of alcohols/acids/esters (RAAE) on the IDs was also revealed. Under an optimal ratio level, the fusel alcohols exhibited negligible effects on the IDs of the FLs. Moreover, the ratio of isoamyl alcohol to isobutanol (IA/IB) showed a strong positive correlation to the IDs of the FLs. This study lays a foundation for the potential application in producing low-ID liquor. View Full-Text
Keywords: alcohol consumption; liquor products; fusel alcohols; intoxicating degree; mice model alcohol consumption; liquor products; fusel alcohols; intoxicating degree; mice model
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Xie, J.; Tian, X.-F.; He, S.-G.; Wei, Y.-L.; Peng, B.; Wu, Z.-Q. Evaluating the Intoxicating Degree of Liquor Products with Combinations of Fusel Alcohols, Acids, and Esters. Molecules 2018, 23, 1239.

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