Lipase-Catalyzed Synthesis of Sucrose Monolaurate and Its Antibacterial Property and Mode of Action against Four Pathogenic Bacteria
AbstractThe aim of this work was to evaluate the antibacterial activities and mode of action of sucrose monolaurate (SML) with a desirable purity, synthesized by Lipozyme TL IM-mediated transesterification in the novel ionic liquid, against four pathogenic bacteria including L. monocytogenes, B. subtilis, S. aureus, and E. coli. The antibacterial activity was determined by minimum inhibitory concentration (MIC), minimum bactericidal concentration (MBC), and the time–kill assay. SML showed varying antibacterial activity against tested bacteria with MICs and MBCs of 2.5 and 20 mM for L. monocytogenes, 2.5 and 20 mM for B. subtilis, 10 and 40 mM for S. aureus, respectively. No dramatic inhibition was observed for E. coli at 80 mM SML. Mechanism of bacterial inactivation caused by SML was revealed through comprehensive factors including cell morphology, cellular lysis, membrane permeability, K+ leakage, zeta potential, intracellular enzyme, and DNA assay. Results demonstrated that bacterial inactivation against Gram-positive bacteria was primarily induced by the pronounced damage to the cell membrane integrity. SML may interact with cytoplasmic membrane to disturb the regulation system of peptidoglycan hydrolase activities to degrade the peptidoglycan layer and form a hole in the layer. Then, the inside cytoplasmic membrane was blown out due to turgor pressure and the cytoplasmic materials inside leaked out. Leakage of intracellular enzyme to the supernatants implied that the cell membrane permeability was compromised. Consequently, the release of K+ from the cytosol lead to the alterations of the zeta potential of cells, which would disturb the subcellular localization of some proteins, and thereby causing bacterial inactivation. Moreover, remarkable interaction with DNA was also observed. SML at sub-MIC inhibited biofilm formation by these bacteria. View Full-Text
- Supplementary File 1:
PDF-Document (PDF, 1064 KB)
Share & Cite This Article
Shao, S.-Y.; Shi, Y.-G.; Wu, Y.; Bian, L.-Q.; Zhu, Y.-J.; Huang, X.-Y.; Pan, Y.; Zeng, L.-Y.; Zhang, R.-R. Lipase-Catalyzed Synthesis of Sucrose Monolaurate and Its Antibacterial Property and Mode of Action against Four Pathogenic Bacteria. Molecules 2018, 23, 1118.
Shao S-Y, Shi Y-G, Wu Y, Bian L-Q, Zhu Y-J, Huang X-Y, Pan Y, Zeng L-Y, Zhang R-R. Lipase-Catalyzed Synthesis of Sucrose Monolaurate and Its Antibacterial Property and Mode of Action against Four Pathogenic Bacteria. Molecules. 2018; 23(5):1118.Chicago/Turabian Style
Shao, Shi-Yin; Shi, Yu-Gang; Wu, Yu; Bian, Li-Qing; Zhu, Yun-Jie; Huang, Xin-Ying; Pan, Ying; Zeng, Lu-Yao; Zhang, Run-Run. 2018. "Lipase-Catalyzed Synthesis of Sucrose Monolaurate and Its Antibacterial Property and Mode of Action against Four Pathogenic Bacteria." Molecules 23, no. 5: 1118.
Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.