MiR200 and miR302: Two Big Families Influencing Stem Cell Behavior†
AbstractIn this review, we described different factors that modulate pluripotency in stem cells, in particular we aimed at following the steps of two large families of miRNAs: the miR-200 family and the miR-302 family. We analyzed some factors tuning stem cells behavior as TGF-β, which plays a pivotal role in pluripotency inhibition together with specific miRNAs, reactive oxygen species (ROS), but also hypoxia, and physical stimuli, such as ad hoc conveyed electromagnetic fields. TGF-β plays a crucial role in the suppression of pluripotency thus influencing the achievement of a specific phenotype. ROS concentration can modulate TGF-β activation that in turns down regulates miR-200 and miR-302. These two miRNAs are usually requested to maintain pluripotency, while they are down-regulated during the acquirement of a specific cellular phenotype. Moreover, also physical stimuli, such as extremely-low frequency electromagnetic fields or high-frequency electromagnetic fields conveyed with a radioelectric asymmetric conveyer (REAC), and hypoxia can deeply influence stem cell behavior by inducing the appearance of specific phenotypes, as well as a direct reprogramming of somatic cells. Unraveling the molecular mechanisms underlying the complex interplay between externally applied stimuli and epigenetic events could disclose novel target molecules to commit stem cell fate. View Full-Text
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Balzano, F.; Cruciani, S.; Basoli, V.; Santaniello, S.; Facchin, F.; Ventura, C.; Maioli, M. MiR200 and miR302: Two Big Families Influencing Stem Cell Behavior. Molecules 2018, 23, 282.
Balzano F, Cruciani S, Basoli V, Santaniello S, Facchin F, Ventura C, Maioli M. MiR200 and miR302: Two Big Families Influencing Stem Cell Behavior. Molecules. 2018; 23(2):282.Chicago/Turabian Style
Balzano, Francesca; Cruciani, Sara; Basoli, Valentina; Santaniello, Sara; Facchin, Federica; Ventura, Carlo; Maioli, Margherita. 2018. "MiR200 and miR302: Two Big Families Influencing Stem Cell Behavior." Molecules 23, no. 2: 282.
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