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Cellulose Nanomaterials—Binding Properties and Applications: A Review

1
School of Forest Resources, University of Maine, 5755 Nutting Hall, Orono, ME 04469, USA
2
Advanced Structures and Composites Center, University of Maine, 35 Flagstaff Road, Orono, ME 04469, USA
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Molecules 2018, 23(10), 2684; https://doi.org/10.3390/molecules23102684
Received: 18 September 2018 / Revised: 3 October 2018 / Accepted: 13 October 2018 / Published: 18 October 2018
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Emerging Trends in Nanocelluloses)
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Abstract

Cellulose nanomaterials (CNs) are of increasing interest due to their appealing inherent properties such as bio-degradability, high surface area, light weight, chirality and the ability to form effective hydrogen bonds across the cellulose chains or within other polymeric matrices. Extending CN self-assembly into multiphase polymer structures has led to useful end-results in a wide spectrum of products and countless innovative applications, for example, as reinforcing agent, emulsion stabilizer, barrier membrane and binder. In the current contribution, after a brief description of salient nanocellulose chemical structure features, its types and production methods, we move to recent advances in CN utilization as an ecofriendly binder in several disparate areas, namely formaldehyde-free hybrid composites and wood-based panels, papermaking/coating processes, and energy storage devices, as well as their potential applications in biomedical fields as a cost-effective and tissue-friendly binder for cartilage regeneration, wound healing and dental repair. The prospects of a wide range of hybrid materials that may be produced via nanocellulose is introduced in light of the unique behavior of cellulose once in nano dimensions. Furthermore, we implement some principles of colloidal and interfacial science to discuss the critical role of cellulose binding in the aforesaid fields. Even though the CN facets covered in this study by no means encompass the great amount of literature available, they may be regarded as the basis for future developments in the binder applications of these highly desirable materials. View Full-Text
Keywords: nanocellulose binders; cellulose nanofibrils; cellulose nanocrystals; biopolymeric binder; bacterial cellulose; particleboard; energy storage devices; paper coating; bone regeneration; biomedical nanocellulose binders; cellulose nanofibrils; cellulose nanocrystals; biopolymeric binder; bacterial cellulose; particleboard; energy storage devices; paper coating; bone regeneration; biomedical
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Tayeb, A.H.; Amini, E.; Ghasemi, S.; Tajvidi, M. Cellulose Nanomaterials—Binding Properties and Applications: A Review. Molecules 2018, 23, 2684.

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