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Chemical Components and Biological Activities of the Genus Phyllanthus: A Review of the Recent Literature

1
Interdisciplinary Research Centre in Biomedical Materials (IRCBM), COMSATS University Islamabad, Lahore Campus, Lahore 54000, Pakistan
2
Research Center of Natural Resources of Chinese Medicinal Materials and Ethnic Medicine, Jiangxi University of Traditional Chinese Medicine, Nanchang 330004, China
3
Jiangxi Key Laboratory for Postharvest Technology and Nondestructive Testing of Fruits & Vegetables, Collaborative Innovation Center of Post-Harvest Key Technology and Quality Safety of Fruits and Vegetables, College of Agronomy, Jiangxi Agricultural University, Nanchang 330045, China
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
These authors contributed equally to this work.
Molecules 2018, 23(10), 2567; https://doi.org/10.3390/molecules23102567
Received: 11 September 2018 / Revised: 2 October 2018 / Accepted: 3 October 2018 / Published: 8 October 2018
(This article belongs to the Section Natural Products Chemistry)
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PDF [1099 KB, uploaded 8 October 2018]
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Abstract

Medicinal plants have served humans since prehistoric times to treat various ailments. Both developed and underdeveloped countries rely on traditional systems of medication using natural sources from plants. Phyllanthus is one of the largest genus in the family Phyllanthaceae, comprising over 700 well known species cosmopolitan in distribution mainly in the tropics and subtropics. Phyllanthus species are being in constant used in traditional medications to cure an array of human diseases (constipation, inhalation related, arthritis, loss of appetite, injuries, conjunctivitis, diarrhoea, running nose, common cold, malaria, blennorrhagia, colic, diabetes mellitus, dysentery, indigestion, fever, gout, gonorrheal diseases of males and females, skin itching, jaundice, hepatic disorders, leucorrhea, vaginitis, menstrual irregularities, obesity, stomach pains, and tumors), confectionaries, food industry, and in some pesticides. Phyllanthus species are rich in diversity of phytochemicals e.g., tannins, terpenes, alkaloids, glycosidic compounds, saponins, and flavones etc. More in depth studies are a direly needed to identify more compounds with specific cellular functions to treat various ailments. View Full-Text
Keywords: Phyllanthus; traditional medicines; phytochemicals; biological activities Phyllanthus; traditional medicines; phytochemicals; biological activities
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Nisar, M.F.; He, J.; Ahmed, A.; Yang, Y.; Li, M.; Wan, C. Chemical Components and Biological Activities of the Genus Phyllanthus: A Review of the Recent Literature. Molecules 2018, 23, 2567.

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