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Molecules 2018, 23(1), 54; https://doi.org/10.3390/molecules23010054

Secondary Metabolite Profiling of Species of the Genus Usnea by UHPLC-ESI-OT-MS-MS

1
Departamento de Química, Facultad de Ciencias, Universidad de Chile, Las Palmeras 3425, Nuñoa, Santiago 7800024, Chile
2
Research Center of Excellence CENIVAM, CIBIMOL, Universidad Industrial de Santander, Building 45, UIS, Carrera 27, Calle 9, Bucaramanga 680002, Colombia
3
Facultad de Ciencias Naturales y Matemáticas, Universidad de Ibagué, Carrera 22 Calle 67, Ibagué 730001, Colombia
4
Escuela de Tecnología Médica, Facultad de Medicina, Universidad Andrés Bello, Sazié 2315, Santiago 8370092, Chile
5
Facultad de Ciencias de la Salud, Universidad Arturo Prat, Casilla 121, Iquique 1100000, Chile
6
Instituto de Farmacia, Facultad de Ciencias, Universidad Austral de Chile, Campus Isla Teja, Valdivia 5090000, Chile
7
Center for Interdisciplinary Studies on the Nervous System, Universidad Austral de Chile, Campus Isla Teja, Valdivia 5090000, Chile
*
Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 1 December 2017 / Revised: 20 December 2017 / Accepted: 24 December 2017 / Published: 27 December 2017
(This article belongs to the Section Metabolites)
Full-Text   |   PDF [1450 KB, uploaded 28 December 2017]   |  

Abstract

Lichens are symbiotic associations of fungi with microalgae and/or cyanobacteria, which are considered among the slowest growing organisms, with strong tolerance to adverse environmental conditions. There are about 400 genera and 1600 species of lichens and those belonging to the Usnea genus comprise about 360 of these species. Usnea lichens have been used since ancient times as dyes, cosmetics, preservatives, deodorants and folk medicines. The phytochemistry of the Usnea genus includes more than 60 compounds which belong to the following classes: depsides, depsidones, depsones, lactones, quinones, phenolics, polysaccharides, fatty acids and dibenzofurans. Due to scarce knowledge of metabolomic profiles of Usnea species (U. barbata, U. antarctica, U. rubicunda and U. subfloridana), a study based on UHPLC-ESI-OT-MS-MS was performed for a comprehensive characterization of their secondary metabolites. From the methanolic extracts of these species a total of 73 metabolites were identified for the first time using this hyphenated technique, including 34 compounds in U. barbata, 21 in U. antarctica, 38 in U. rubicunda and 37 in U. subfloridana. Besides, a total of 13 metabolites were not identified and reported so far, and could be new according to our data analysis. This study showed that this hyphenated technique is rapid, effective and accurate for phytochemical identification of lichen metabolites and the data collected could be useful for chemotaxonomic studies. View Full-Text
Keywords: lichen; Usnea; natural product; Orbitrap™; UHPLC-MS-MS lichen; Usnea; natural product; Orbitrap™; UHPLC-MS-MS
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited (CC BY 4.0).

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Salgado, F.; Albornoz, L.; Cortéz, C.; Stashenko, E.; Urrea-Vallejo, K.; Nagles, E.; Galicia-Virviescas, C.; Cornejo, A.; Ardiles, A.; Simirgiotis, M.; García-Beltrán, O.; Areche, C. Secondary Metabolite Profiling of Species of the Genus Usnea by UHPLC-ESI-OT-MS-MS. Molecules 2018, 23, 54.

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