Next Article in Journal
Composition and Antioxidant, Antienzymatic and Antimicrobial Activities of Volatile Molecules from Spanish Salvia lavandulifolia (Vahl) Essential Oils
Previous Article in Journal
Effects of Refined Xiaoyaosan on Depressive-Like Behaviors in Rats with Chronic Unpredictable Mild Stress through Neurosteroids, Their Synthesis and Metabolic Enzymes
Article Menu
Issue 8 (August) cover image

Export Article

Open AccessReview
Molecules 2017, 22(8), 1383;

The Genus Alnus, A Comprehensive Outline of Its Chemical Constituents and Biological Activities

School of Chinese Pharmacy, Beijing University of Chinese Medicine, Beijing 100102, China
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 19 July 2017 / Accepted: 16 August 2017 / Published: 21 August 2017
Full-Text   |   PDF [5591 KB, uploaded 22 August 2017]   |  


The genus Alnus (Betulaceae) is comprised of more than 40 species. Many species of this genus have a long history of use in folk medicines. Phytochemical investigations have revealed the presence of diarylheptanoids, polyphenols, flavonoids, terpenoids, steroids and other compounds. Diarylheptanoids, natural products with a 1,7-diphenylheptane structural skeleton, are the dominant constituents in the genus, whose anticancer effect has been brought into focus. Pure compounds and crude extracts from the genus exhibit a wide spectrum of pharmacological activities both in vitro and in vivo. This paper compiles 273 naturally occurring compounds from the genus Alnus along with their structures and pharmacological activities, as reported in 138 references. View Full-Text
Keywords: chemical constituents; biological activities; Alnus; diarylheptanoids chemical constituents; biological activities; Alnus; diarylheptanoids

Figure 1

This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited (CC BY 4.0).

Share & Cite This Article

MDPI and ACS Style

Ren, X.; He, T.; Chang, Y.; Zhao, Y.; Chen, X.; Bai, S.; Wang, L.; Shen, M.; She, G. The Genus Alnus, A Comprehensive Outline of Its Chemical Constituents and Biological Activities. Molecules 2017, 22, 1383.

Show more citation formats Show less citations formats

Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Related Articles

Article Metrics

Article Access Statistics



[Return to top]
Molecules EISSN 1420-3049 Published by MDPI AG, Basel, Switzerland RSS E-Mail Table of Contents Alert
Back to Top