Evaluation of the Antidiabetic Activity and Chemical Composition of Geranium collinum Root Extracts—Computational and Experimental Investigations
AbstractThe root of Geranium collinum Steph is known in Tajik traditional medicine for its hepatoprotective, antioxidant, and anti-inflammatory therapeutic effects. The present study was conducted to evaluate of potential antidiabetic, antioxidant activities, total polyphenolic and flavonoid content from the different extracts (aqueous, aqueous-ethanolic) and individual compounds isolated of the root parts of G. collinum. The 50% aqueous-ethanolic extract possesses potent antidiabetic activity, with IC50 values of 0.10 μg/mL and 0.09 μg/mL for the enzymes protein-tyrosine phosphatase (1B PTP-1B) and α-glucosidase, respectively. Phytochemical investigations of the 50% aqueous-ethanolic extract of G. collinum, led to the isolation of ten pure compounds identified as 3,3′,4,4′-tetra-O-methylellagic acid (1), 3,3′-di-O-methylellagic acid (2), quercetin (3), caffeic acid (4), (+)-catechin (5), (–)-epicatechin (6), (–)-epigallocatechin (7), gallic acid (8), β-sitosterol-3-O-β-d-glucopyranoside (9), and corilagin (10). Their structures were determined based on 1D and 2D NMR and mass spectrometric analyses. Three isolated compounds exhibited strong inhibitory activity against PTP-1B, with IC50 values below 0.9 μg/mL, more effective than the positive control (1.46 μg/mL). Molecular docking analysis suggests polyphenolic compounds such as corilagin, catechin and caffeic acid inhibit PTP-1B and β-sitosterol-3-O-β-d-gluco-pyranoside inhibits α-glucosidase. The experimental results suggest that the biological activity of G. collinum is related to its polyphenol contents. The results are also in agreement with computational investigations. Furthermore, the potent antidiabetic activity of the 50% aqueous-ethanolic extract from G. collinum shows promise for its future application in medicine. To the best of our knowledge, we hereby report, for the first time, the antidiabetic activity of G. collinum. View Full-Text
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Numonov, S.; Edirs, S.; Bobakulov, K.; Qureshi, M.N.; Bozorov, K.; Sharopov, F.; Setzer, W.N.; Zhao, H.; Habasi, M.; Sharofova, M.; Aisa, H.A. Evaluation of the Antidiabetic Activity and Chemical Composition of Geranium collinum Root Extracts—Computational and Experimental Investigations. Molecules 2017, 22, 983.
Numonov S, Edirs S, Bobakulov K, Qureshi MN, Bozorov K, Sharopov F, Setzer WN, Zhao H, Habasi M, Sharofova M, Aisa HA. Evaluation of the Antidiabetic Activity and Chemical Composition of Geranium collinum Root Extracts—Computational and Experimental Investigations. Molecules. 2017; 22(6):983.Chicago/Turabian Style
Numonov, Sodik; Edirs, Salamet; Bobakulov, Khayrulla; Qureshi, Muhammad N.; Bozorov, Khurshed; Sharopov, Farukh; Setzer, William N.; Zhao, Haiqing; Habasi, Maidina; Sharofova, Mizhgona; Aisa, Haji A. 2017. "Evaluation of the Antidiabetic Activity and Chemical Composition of Geranium collinum Root Extracts—Computational and Experimental Investigations." Molecules 22, no. 6: 983.
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