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Molecules 2017, 22(3), 414;

Influence of Se/N Codoping on the Structural, Optical, Electronic and Photocatalytic Properties of TiO2

Department of Chemistry, Namik Kemal University, 59030 Tekirdag, Turkey
Department of Molecular Biology and Genetics, Halic University, 34220 Istanbul, Turkey
Department of Chemistry, Yildiz Technical University, 34220 Istanbul, Turkey
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Pierre Pichat
Received: 9 January 2017 / Revised: 13 February 2017 / Accepted: 27 February 2017 / Published: 7 March 2017
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Photon-involving Purification of Water and Air)
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Se4+ and N3− ions were used as codopants to enhance the photocatalytic activity of TiO2 under sunlight irradiation. The Se/N codoped photocatalysts were prepared through a simple wet-impregnation method followed by heat treatment using SeCl4 and urea as the dopant sources. The prepared photocatalysts were well characterized by X-ray diffraction (XRD), X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS), UV-diffuse reflectance spectroscopy (UV-DRS), scanning electron microscopy (SEM) and Raman spectroscopy. The codoped samples showed photoabsorption in the visible light range from 430 nm extending up to 580 nm. The photocatalytic activity of the Se/N codoped photocatalysts was evaluated by degradation of 4-nitrophenol (4-NP). The degradation of 4-NP was highly increased for the Se/N codoped samples compared to the undoped and single doped samples under both UV-A and sunlight irradiation. Aiming to determine the electronic structure and dopant locations, quantum chemical modeling of the undoped and Se/N codoped anatase clusters was performed using Density Functional Theory (DFT) calculations with the hybrid functional (B3LYP) and double-zeta (LanL2DZ) basis set. The results revealed that Se/N codoping of TiO2 reduces the band gap due to mixing of N2p with O2p orbitals in the valence band and also introduces additional electronic states originating from Se3p orbitals in the band gap. View Full-Text
Keywords: TiO2; DFT calculations; Se/N-codoping; sunlight; heterogeneous photocatalysis TiO2; DFT calculations; Se/N-codoping; sunlight; heterogeneous photocatalysis

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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited (CC BY 4.0).

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Gurkan, Y.Y.; Kasapbasi, E.; Turkten, N.; Cinar, Z. Influence of Se/N Codoping on the Structural, Optical, Electronic and Photocatalytic Properties of TiO2. Molecules 2017, 22, 414.

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