Next Article in Journal
Parasitic Mistletoes of the Genera Scurrula and Viscum: From Bench to Bedside
Previous Article in Journal
Steroidal Saponins from the Rhizomes of Anemarrhena asphodeloides
Article Menu
Issue 8 (August) cover image

Export Article

Open AccessArticle
Molecules 2016, 21(8), 1076;

Quantitative Analysis of Psoralea corylifolia Linne and its Neuroprotective and Anti-Neuroinflammatory Effects in HT22 Hippocampal Cells and BV-2 Microglia

Herbal Medicine Research Division, Korea Institute of Oriental Medicine, Daejeon 34054, Korea
Korean Medicine Life Science, University of Science & Technology, Daejeon 34113, Korea
These authors contributed equally to this work.
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Maurizio Battino
Received: 12 July 2016 / Revised: 5 August 2016 / Accepted: 12 August 2016 / Published: 17 August 2016
(This article belongs to the Section Medicinal Chemistry)
Full-Text   |   PDF [1993 KB, uploaded 17 August 2016]   |  


The seeds of Psoralea corylifolia L. (P. corylifolia), also known as “Bo-Gol-Zhee” in Korea, are used in a traditional herbal medicine for treating various skin diseases. In the present study, we performed quantitative analyses of the seven standard components of P. corylifolia: psoralen, angelicin, neobavaisoflavone, psoralidin, isobavachalcone, bavachinin, and bakuchiol, using high-performance liquid chromatography. We also investigated the neuroprotective and anti-neuroinflammation effects of P. corylifolia and its standard components in the hippocampal cell line HT22 and microglia cell line BV-2. A 70% ethanol extract of P. corylifolia was prepared and the seven standard components were separated using C-18 analytical columns by gradient solvents with acetonitrile and water, and ultraviolet detection at 215, 225 and 275 nm. The analytical method showed high linearity, with a correlation coefficient of ≥0.9999. The amounts of the standard components ranged from 0.74 to 11.71 mg/g. Among the components, bakuchiol (11.71 mg/g) was the most potent phytochemical component of P. corylifolia. Furthermore, we analyzed the inhibitory effects of the components from P. corylifolia to determine the bioactive compound needed to regulate neuronal cell changes. Angelicin, isobavachalcone, and bakuchiol suppressed lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-stimulated nitric oxide production in LPS-treated BV-2 microglia more significantly than did the other components. In HT22 hippocampal cells, neobavaisoflavone and bakuchiol had more potent inhibitory activity against hydrogen peroxide-induced cell death. Taken together of the quantification and efficacy analyses, bakuchiol appeared to be the most potent bioactive phytochemical component of P. corylifolia for the potential treatment of neurodegenerative diseases. View Full-Text
Keywords: Psoraleae corylifolia; bakuchiol; quantitative analysis; neuroprotection; neuro-inflammation Psoraleae corylifolia; bakuchiol; quantitative analysis; neuroprotection; neuro-inflammation

Graphical abstract

This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited (CC BY 4.0).

Supplementary material


Share & Cite This Article

MDPI and ACS Style

Kim, Y.J.; Lim, H.-S.; Lee, J.; Jeong, S.-J. Quantitative Analysis of Psoralea corylifolia Linne and its Neuroprotective and Anti-Neuroinflammatory Effects in HT22 Hippocampal Cells and BV-2 Microglia. Molecules 2016, 21, 1076.

Show more citation formats Show less citations formats

Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Related Articles

Article Metrics

Article Access Statistics



[Return to top]
Molecules EISSN 1420-3049 Published by MDPI AG, Basel, Switzerland RSS E-Mail Table of Contents Alert
Back to Top