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Molecules 2016, 21(1), 99;

Nutritional and Biochemical Profiling of Leucopaxillus candidus (Bres.) Singer Wild Mushroom

Centro de Investigação de Montanha (CIMO), ESA, Instituto Politécnico de Bragança, Campus de Santa Apolónia, Apartado 1172, Bragança 5301-855, Portugal
School of Agriculture, Polytechnic Institute of Bragança, Campus de Santa Apolónia, Ap. 1172, Bragança 5301-855, Portugal
Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Derek J. McPhee
Received: 18 December 2015 / Revised: 30 December 2015 / Accepted: 13 January 2016 / Published: 15 January 2016
(This article belongs to the Collection Bioactive Compounds)
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The wild mushroom Leucopaxillus candidus (Bres.) Singer was studied for the first time to obtain information about its chemical composition, nutritional value and bioactivity. Free sugars, fatty acids, tocopherols, organic and phenolic acids were analysed by chromatographic techniques coupled to different detectors. L. candidus methanolic extract was tested regarding antioxidant potential (reducing power, radical scavenging activity and lipid peroxidation inhibition). L. candidus was shown to be an interesting species in terms of nutritional value, with high content in proteins and carbohydrates, but low fat levels, with the prevalence of polyunsaturated fatty acids. Mannitol was the most abundant free sugar and β-tocopherol was the main tocopherol isoform. Other compounds detected were oxalic and fumaric acids, p-hydroxybenzoic and cinnamic acids. The methanolic extract revealed antioxidant activity and did not show hepatoxicity in porcine liver primary cells. The present study provides new information about L. candidus. View Full-Text
Keywords: Leucopaxillus candidus; wild mushroom; chemical composition; antioxidant activity Leucopaxillus candidus; wild mushroom; chemical composition; antioxidant activity

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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited (CC BY 4.0).

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Vieira, V.; Barros, L.; Martins, A.; Ferreira, I.C.F.R. Nutritional and Biochemical Profiling of Leucopaxillus candidus (Bres.) Singer Wild Mushroom. Molecules 2016, 21, 99.

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