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Anti-Allergic Properties of Curine, a Bisbenzylisoquinoline Alkaloid

1
Laboratório de Imunofarmacologia, Instituto Oswaldo Cruz, FIOCRUZ, Rio de Janeiro, RJ 21040-360, Brazil
2
Laboratório de Imunofarmacologia, Departamento de Fisiologia e Patologia, UFPB, João Pessoa, Pb 58051-900, Brazil
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Patricia Valentao
Molecules 2015, 20(3), 4695-4707; https://doi.org/10.3390/molecules20034695
Received: 31 October 2014 / Revised: 13 February 2015 / Accepted: 16 February 2015 / Published: 13 March 2015
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Alkaloids: Novel Therapeutic Perspectives)
Curine is a bisbenzylisoquinoline alkaloid isolated from Chondrodendron platyphyllum (Menispermaceae). Recent findings have shed light on the actions of curine in different models of allergy and inflammation. Here we review the properties and mechanisms of action of curine focusing on its anti-allergic effects. Curine pre-treatment significantly inhibited the scratching behavior, paw edema and systemic anaphylaxis induced by either ovalbumin (OVA) in sensitized animals or compound 48/80, through mechanisms of mast cell stabilization and inhibition of mast cell activation to generate lipid mediators. In addition, oral administration of curine significantly inhibited eosinophil recruitment and activation, as well as, OVA-induced airway hyper-responsiveness in a mouse model of asthma, through inhibition of the production of IL-13 and eotaxin, and of Ca2+ influx. In conclusion, curine exhibit anti-allergic effects in models of lung, skin and systemic allergy in the absence of significant toxicity, and as such has the potential for anti-allergic drug development. View Full-Text
Keywords: curine; anti-allergic; asthma; calcium; mast cells; eosinophils curine; anti-allergic; asthma; calcium; mast cells; eosinophils
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MDPI and ACS Style

Ribeiro-Filho, J.; Piuvezam, M.R.; Bozza, P.T. Anti-Allergic Properties of Curine, a Bisbenzylisoquinoline Alkaloid. Molecules 2015, 20, 4695-4707.

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