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Molecules 2015, 20(3), 3758-3775;

Tyrosol Prevents Ischemia/Reperfusion-Induced Cardiac Injury in H9c2 Cells: Involvement of ROS, Hsp70, JNK and ERK, and Apoptosis

National Engineering Laboratory for Tree Breeding, College of Biological Sciences and Biotechnology, Beijing Forestry University, 35 Qinghua East Road, Haidian District, Beijing 100083, China
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Derek J. McPhee
Received: 20 December 2014 / Revised: 15 January 2015 / Accepted: 4 February 2015 / Published: 25 February 2015
(This article belongs to the Section Medicinal Chemistry)
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Ischemia-Reperfusion (I/R) injury causes ROS overproduction, creating oxidative stress, and can trigger myocyte death, resulting in heart failure. Tyrosol is an antioxidant abounded in diets and medicine. Our objective was to investigate the protective effect of tyrosol on I/R-caused mortality in H9c2 cardiomyocytes through its influence on ROS, Hsp70, ERK, JNK, Bcl-2, Bax and caspase-8. A simulated I/R model was used, myocytes loss was examined by MTT, and ROS levels were measured using DCFH-DA. Nuclear condensation and caspase-3 activity were assessed by DAPI staining and fluorometric assay. Phosphorylated ERK and JNK were determined by electrochemiluminescent ELISA, and Hsp70, Bcl-2, Bax and caspase-8 were examined by Western blotting. Results show that tyrosol salvaged myocyte loss, inhibited nuclear condensation and caspase-3 activity dose-dependently, indicating its protection against I/R-caused myocyte loss. Furthermore, tyrosol significantly inhibited ROS accumulation and activation of ERK and JNK, augmenting Hsp70 expression. Besides, tyrosol inhibited I/R-induced apoptosis, associated with retained anti-apoptotic Bcl-2 protein, and attenuated pro-apoptotic Bax protein, resulting in a preservation of Bcl-2/Bax ratio. Finally, tyrosol notably decreased cleaved caspase-8 levels. In conclusion, cytoprotection of tyrosol in I/R-caused myocyte mortality was involved with the mitigation of ROS, prohibition of the activation of ERK, JNK and caspase-8, and elevation of Hsp70 and Bcl-2/Bax ratio. View Full-Text
Keywords: tyrosol; ROS; Hsp70; JNK; ERK; Bcl-2/Bax ratio; caspase-8; apoptosis tyrosol; ROS; Hsp70; JNK; ERK; Bcl-2/Bax ratio; caspase-8; apoptosis

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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited (CC BY 4.0).

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Sun, L.; Fan, H.; Yang, L.; Shi, L.; Liu, Y. Tyrosol Prevents Ischemia/Reperfusion-Induced Cardiac Injury in H9c2 Cells: Involvement of ROS, Hsp70, JNK and ERK, and Apoptosis. Molecules 2015, 20, 3758-3775.

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