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Open AccessArticle

Antioxidant, Antimicrobial and Phytochemical Variations in Thirteen Moringa oleifera Lam. Cultivars

Agricultural Research Council, Vegetable and Ornamental Plants Institute (VOPI), Private Bag X293, Pretoria 0001, South Africa
Research Centre for Plant Growth and Development, University of KwaZulu-Natal Pietermaritzburg, Private Bag X01, Scottsville 3209, South Africa
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Molecules 2014, 19(7), 10480-10494;
Received: 13 June 2014 / Revised: 2 July 2014 / Accepted: 9 July 2014 / Published: 18 July 2014
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Natural Antioxidants and Ageing)
PDF [276 KB, uploaded 18 July 2014]


A study was undertaken to assess variation in antioxidant, antimicrobial and phytochemical properties of thirteen Moringa oleifera cultivars obtained from different locations across the globe. Standard antioxidant methods including the DPPH scavenging, ferric reducing power (FRAP) and β-carotene-linoleic acid model were used to evaluate the activity. Variation in the antioxidant activity was observed, with TOT4951 from Thailand being the most active, with activity five times higher than that of ascorbic acid (reference compound). A different trend was observed for the activity in the FRAP and β-carotene-linoleic acid assays. Antimicrobial activity was tested against Gram-positive (Staphylococcus aureus) and Gram-negative (Klebsiella pneumoniae) strains using the microdilution method. Acetone extracts of all cultivars exhibited good antibacterial activity against K. pneumoniae (MIC values of 0.78 mg/mL). The remaining extracts exhibited weak activity against the two microorganisms. For the antifungal activity, all the extracts exhibited low activity. Variations were observed in the total phenolic and flavonoid contents. Cultivars TOT5169 (Thailand) and SH (South Africa) exhibited highest amounts of total phenolic compounds while TOT5028 (Thailand) exhibited the lowest amounts of five times lower than the highest. The information offer an understanding on variations between cultivars from different geographical locations and is important in the search for antioxidant supplementation and anti-ageing products. View Full-Text
Keywords: antimicrobial; antioxidant; free radicals; Moringa oleifera Lam. antimicrobial; antioxidant; free radicals; Moringa oleifera Lam.

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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY 3.0).

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MDPI and ACS Style

Ndhlala, A.R.; Mulaudzi, R.; Ncube, B.; Abdelgadir, H.A.; Du Plooy, C.P.; Van Staden, J. Antioxidant, Antimicrobial and Phytochemical Variations in Thirteen Moringa oleifera Lam. Cultivars. Molecules 2014, 19, 10480-10494.

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