Next Article in Journal
Edge-Termination and Core-Modification Effects of Hexagonal Nanosheet Graphene
Previous Article in Journal
Fatty Acids from Pool Lipids as Possible Precursors of the Male Marking Pheromone in Bumblebees
Open AccessArticle

Influence of Extractive Solvents on Lipid and Fatty Acids Content of Edible Freshwater Algal and Seaweed Products, the Green Microalga Chlorella kessleri and the Cyanobacterium Spirulina platensis

1
Department of Food Analysis and Chemistry, Faculty of Technology, Tomas Bata University in Zlin, nam. T. G. Masaryka 5555, Zlin CZ-760 01, Czech Republic
2
Department of Chemistry, Faculty of Technology, Tomas Bata University in Zlin, nam. T. G. Masaryka 5555, Zlin CZ-760 01, Czech Republic
3
Department of Viticulture and Enology, Faculty of Horticulture, Mendel University in Brno, Valticka 337, Lednice CZ-691 44, Czech Republic
4
Department of Natural and Informatics Sciences, Faculty of Central European Studies, Constantine the Philosopher University in Nitra, Drazovska 4, Nitra SK-949 74, Slovak Republic
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Molecules 2014, 19(2), 2344-2360; https://doi.org/10.3390/molecules19022344
Received: 6 December 2013 / Revised: 5 February 2014 / Accepted: 7 February 2014 / Published: 21 February 2014
(This article belongs to the Section Natural Products Chemistry)
Total lipid contents of green (Chlorella pyrenoidosa, C), red (Porphyra tenera, N; Palmaria palmata, D), and brown (Laminaria japonica, K; Eisenia bicyclis, A; Undaria pinnatifida, W, WI; Hizikia fusiformis, H) commercial edible algal and cyanobacterial (Spirulina platensis, S) products, and autotrophically cultivated samples of the green microalga Chlorella kessleri (CK) and the cyanobacterium Spirulina platensis (SP) were determined using a solvent mixture of methanol/chloroform/water (1:2:1, v/v/v, solvent I) and n-hexane (solvent II). Total lipid contents ranged from 0.64% (II) to 18.02% (I) by dry weight and the highest total lipid content was observed in the autotrophically cultivated cyanobacterium Spirulina platensis. Solvent mixture I was found to be more effective than solvent II. Fatty acids were determined by gas chromatography of their methyl esters (% of total FAMEs). Generally, the predominant fatty acids (all results for extractions with solvent mixture I) were saturated palmitic acid (C16:0; 24.64%–65.49%), monounsaturated oleic acid (C18:1(n-9); 2.79%–26.45%), polyunsaturated linoleic acid (C18:2(n-6); 0.71%–36.38%), α-linolenic acid (C18:3(n-3); 0.00%–21.29%), γ-linolenic acid (C18:3(n-6); 1.94%–17.36%), and arachidonic acid (C20:4(n-6); 0.00%–15.37%). The highest content of ω-3 fatty acids (21.29%) was determined in Chlorella pyrenoidosa using solvent I, while conversely, the highest content of ω-6 fatty acids (41.42%) was observed in Chlorella kessleri using the same solvent. View Full-Text
Keywords: algae; seaweed; lipid; fatty acid algae; seaweed; lipid; fatty acid
Show Figures

Figure 1

MDPI and ACS Style

Ambrozova, J.V.; Misurcova, L.; Vicha, R.; Machu, L.; Samek, D.; Baron, M.; Mlcek, J.; Sochor, J.; Jurikova, T. Influence of Extractive Solvents on Lipid and Fatty Acids Content of Edible Freshwater Algal and Seaweed Products, the Green Microalga Chlorella kessleri and the Cyanobacterium Spirulina platensis. Molecules 2014, 19, 2344-2360. https://doi.org/10.3390/molecules19022344

AMA Style

Ambrozova JV, Misurcova L, Vicha R, Machu L, Samek D, Baron M, Mlcek J, Sochor J, Jurikova T. Influence of Extractive Solvents on Lipid and Fatty Acids Content of Edible Freshwater Algal and Seaweed Products, the Green Microalga Chlorella kessleri and the Cyanobacterium Spirulina platensis. Molecules. 2014; 19(2):2344-2360. https://doi.org/10.3390/molecules19022344

Chicago/Turabian Style

Ambrozova, Jarmila V.; Misurcova, Ladislava; Vicha, Robert; Machu, Ludmila; Samek, Dusan; Baron, Mojmir; Mlcek, Jiri; Sochor, Jiri; Jurikova, Tunde. 2014. "Influence of Extractive Solvents on Lipid and Fatty Acids Content of Edible Freshwater Algal and Seaweed Products, the Green Microalga Chlorella kessleri and the Cyanobacterium Spirulina platensis" Molecules 19, no. 2: 2344-2360. https://doi.org/10.3390/molecules19022344

Find Other Styles

Article Access Map by Country/Region

1
Only visits after 24 November 2015 are recorded.
Search more from Scilit
 
Search
Back to TopTop