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Open AccessArticle

Performance of Universal Reciprocating Heat-Engine Cycle with Variable Specific Heats Ratio of Working Fluid

1
Institute of Thermal Science and Power Engineering, Wuhan Institute of Technology, Wuhan 430205, China
2
School of Mechanical & Electrical Engineering, Wuhan Institute of Technology, Wuhan 430205, China
3
Dipartimento di Ingegneria e Architettura, Universita’ di Parma, Parco Area delle Scienze 181/A, 43124 Parma, Italy
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Entropy 2020, 22(4), 397; https://doi.org/10.3390/e22040397
Received: 6 March 2020 / Revised: 27 March 2020 / Accepted: 29 March 2020 / Published: 31 March 2020
Considering the finite time characteristic, heat transfer loss, friction loss and internal irreversibility loss, an air standard reciprocating heat-engine cycle model is founded by using finite time thermodynamics. The cycle model, which consists of two endothermic processes, two exothermic processes and two adiabatic processes, is well generalized. The performance parameters, including the power output and efficiency (PAE), are obtained. The PAE versus compression ratio relations are obtained by numerical computation. The impacts of variable specific heats ratio (SHR) of working fluid (WF) on universal cycle performances are analyzed and various special cycles are also discussed. The results include the PAE performance characteristics of various special cycles (including Miller, Dual, Atkinson, Brayton, Diesel and Otto cycles) when the SHR of WF is constant and variable (including the SHR varied with linear function (LF) and nonlinear function (NLF) of WF temperature). The maximum power outputs and the corresponding optimal compression ratios, as well as the maximum efficiencies and the corresponding optimal compression ratios for various special cycles with three SHR models are compared. View Full-Text
Keywords: finite time thermodynamics; reciprocating heat-engine cycle; universal cycle; variable specific heat ratio; power output; thermal efficiency finite time thermodynamics; reciprocating heat-engine cycle; universal cycle; variable specific heat ratio; power output; thermal efficiency
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Chen, L.; Ge, Y.; Liu, C.; Feng, H.; Lorenzini, G. Performance of Universal Reciprocating Heat-Engine Cycle with Variable Specific Heats Ratio of Working Fluid. Entropy 2020, 22, 397.

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