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Entropy 2019, 21(3), 260; https://doi.org/10.3390/e21030260

Coherence Depletion in Quantum Algorithms

Beijing Key Laboratory of Nanophotonics and Ultrafine Optoelectronic Systems, School of Physics, Beijing Institute of Technology, Beijing 100081, China
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Received: 3 February 2019 / Accepted: 5 March 2019 / Published: 7 March 2019
(This article belongs to the Section Quantum Information)
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Abstract

Besides the superior efficiency compared to their classical counterparts, quantum algorithms known so far are basically task-dependent, and scarcely any common features are shared between them. In this work, however, we show that the depletion of quantum coherence turns out to be a common phenomenon in these algorithms. For all the quantum algorithms that we investigated, including Grover’s algorithm, Deutsch–Jozsa algorithm, and Shor’s algorithm, quantum coherence of the system states reduces to the minimum along with the successful execution of the respective processes. Notably, a similar conclusion cannot be drawn using other quantitative measures such as quantum entanglement. Thus, we expect that coherence depletion as a common feature can be useful for devising new quantum algorithms in the future. View Full-Text
Keywords: quantum coherence; resource theory; quantum algorithm quantum coherence; resource theory; quantum algorithm
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Liu, Y.-C.; Shang, J.; Zhang, X. Coherence Depletion in Quantum Algorithms. Entropy 2019, 21, 260.

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