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Entropy 2019, 21(3), 229; https://doi.org/10.3390/e21030229

Multiscale Entropy Analysis of Page Views: A Case Study of Wikipedia

1
School of Mathematics and Computer Science, Wuhan Textile University, Wuhan 430200, China
2
Accounting College, Wuhan Textile University, Wuhan 430200, China
3
Department of Electrical Engineering and Computer Science, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI 48109-2122, USA
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 18 January 2019 / Revised: 20 February 2019 / Accepted: 24 February 2019 / Published: 27 February 2019
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Multiscale Entropy Approaches and Their Applications)
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Abstract

In this study, the Wikipedia page views for four selected topics, namely, education, the economy/finance, medicine, and nature/environment from 2016–2018 are collected and the sample entropies of the three years’ page views are estimated and investigated using a short-time series multiscale entropy (sMSE) algorithm for a comprehensible understanding of the complexity of human website searching activities. The sample entropies of the selected topics are found to exhibit different temporal variations. In the past three years, the temporal characteristics of the sample entropies are vividly revealed, and the sample entropies of the selected topics follow the same tendencies and can be quantitatively ranked. By taking the 95% confidence interval into account, the temporal variations of sample entropies are further validated by statistical analysis (non-parametric), including the Wilcoxon signed-rank test and the Mann-Whitney U-test. The results suggest that the sample entropies estimated by the sMSE algorithm are feasible for analyzing the temporal variations of complexity for certain topics, whereas the regular variations of estimated sample entropies of different selected topics can’t simply be accepted as is. Potential explanations and paths in forthcoming studies are also described and discussed. View Full-Text
Keywords: human behavior; complexity; page view; multiscale entropy; sample entropy; Wikipedia human behavior; complexity; page view; multiscale entropy; sample entropy; Wikipedia
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Xu, C.; Xu, C.; Tian, W.; Hu, A.; Jiang, R. Multiscale Entropy Analysis of Page Views: A Case Study of Wikipedia. Entropy 2019, 21, 229.

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