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Estimating Flight Characteristics of Anomalous Unidentified Aerial Vehicles

Department of Physics, University at Albany (SUNY), Albany, NY 12222, USA
Scientific Coalition for UAP Studies (SCU), Fort Myers, FL 33913, USA
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Entropy 2019, 21(10), 939;
Received: 21 August 2019 / Revised: 17 September 2019 / Accepted: 21 September 2019 / Published: 25 September 2019
Several Unidentified Aerial Phenomena (UAP) encountered by military, commercial, and civilian aircraft have been reported to be structured craft that exhibit ‘impossible’ flight characteristics. We consider a handful of well-documented encounters, including the 2004 encounters with the Nimitz Carrier Group off the coast of California, and estimate lower bounds on the accelerations exhibited by the craft during the observed maneuvers. Estimated accelerations range from almost 100 g to 1000s of gs with no observed air disturbance, no sonic booms, and no evidence of excessive heat commensurate with even the minimal estimated energies. In accordance with observations, the estimated parameters describing the behavior of these craft are both anomalous and surprising. The extreme estimated flight characteristics reveal that these observations are either fabricated or seriously in error, or that these craft exhibit technology far more advanced than any known craft on Earth. In many cases, the number and quality of witnesses, the variety of roles they played in the encounters, and the equipment used to track and record the craft favor the latter hypothesis that these are indeed technologically advanced craft. The observed flight characteristics of these craft are consistent with the flight characteristics required for interstellar travel, i.e., if these observed accelerations were sustainable in space, then these craft could easily reach relativistic speeds within a matter of minutes to hours and cover interstellar distances in a matter of days to weeks, proper time. View Full-Text
Keywords: UAP; UAV; UFO; Nimitz; Tic-Tac UAP; UAV; UFO; Nimitz; Tic-Tac
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MDPI and ACS Style

Knuth, K.H.; Powell, R.M.; Reali, P.A. Estimating Flight Characteristics of Anomalous Unidentified Aerial Vehicles. Entropy 2019, 21, 939.

AMA Style

Knuth KH, Powell RM, Reali PA. Estimating Flight Characteristics of Anomalous Unidentified Aerial Vehicles. Entropy. 2019; 21(10):939.

Chicago/Turabian Style

Knuth, Kevin H., Robert M. Powell, and Peter A. Reali. 2019. "Estimating Flight Characteristics of Anomalous Unidentified Aerial Vehicles" Entropy 21, no. 10: 939.

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