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MHD Mixed Convection and Entropy Generation in a Lid-Driven Triangular Cavity for Various Electrical Conductivity Models

1
Mechanical Engineering Department, Prince Sultan Endowment for Energy and Environment, Prince Mohammad Bin Fahd University, Al-Khobar 31952, Saudi Arabia
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RAK Research and Innovation Center, American University of Ras Al Khaimah, Ras Al Khaimah 10021, UAE
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Department of Mechanical Engineering, Celal Bayar University, Manisa 45140, Turkey
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Department of Mechanical Engineering, Technology Faculty, Fırat University, Elazığ 23119, Turkey
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Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Entropy 2018, 20(12), 903; https://doi.org/10.3390/e20120903
Received: 6 November 2018 / Revised: 20 November 2018 / Accepted: 23 November 2018 / Published: 25 November 2018
In this study, effects of different electrical conductivity models for magneto- hydrodynamic mixed convection of nanofluids in a lid-driven triangular cavity was numerically investigated with a finite element method. Effects of Richardson number and Hartmann number on the convective heat transfer characteristics were analyzed for various electrical conductivity models of nanofluids. Average Nusselt number decreases for higher Hartmann and Richardson numbers. Discrepancies in the local and average heat transfer exist between different electrical conductivity models, which is higher for higher values of Richardson number and Hartmann number. The total entropy generation rate was found reduced with higher values of Richardson number and Hartmann number while discrepancies exist between various electrical conductivity models. When the magnetic field is imposed, different behaviors of entropy generation rate versus solid particle volume fraction curve is obtained and it is dependent upon the range of solid particle volume fraction. View Full-Text
Keywords: electrical conductivity; nanofluids; lid driven; triangular cavity; finite element; magneto-hydrodynamic (MHD) electrical conductivity; nanofluids; lid driven; triangular cavity; finite element; magneto-hydrodynamic (MHD)
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Chamkha, A.J.; Selimefendigil, F.; Oztop, H.F. MHD Mixed Convection and Entropy Generation in a Lid-Driven Triangular Cavity for Various Electrical Conductivity Models. Entropy 2018, 20, 903.

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